Table 2

Characteristics of the study sample

All (n = 808)

Hosp. 1 (n = 459)

Hosp. 2 (n = 119)

Hosp. 3 (n = 47)

Hosp. 4 (n = 183)


Variable/Frequency (valid percent)

Freq. (%)

Freq. (%)

Freq. (%)

Freq. (%)

Freq. (%)

Pearson χ2 test (P)


Gender

χ2 = 4.78 (P = .19)

Male

73 (9)

46 (10)

7 (6)

7 (15)

13 (7)

Female

735 (91)

413(90)

112 (94)

40 (85)

170 (93)

Highest completed education program

χ2 = 38.85 (P = .001**, Phi = .23)

High school or diploma

81 (11)

38 (9)

23 (22)

4 (9)

16 (9)

Associate degree

337 (44)

176 (40)

58 (55)

16 (38)

87 (51)

Bachelor's degree

316 (41)

208 (47)

22 (21)

20 (48)

66 (38)

Master's degree or higher

28 (4)

20 (4)

2 (2)

2 (5)

4 (2)

Work title

χ2 23.82 (P = .001**, Phi = .17)

Staff nurse

636 (79)

374 (82)

74 (62)

41 (87)

147 (80)

Nurse aide/technician

172 (21)

85 (18)

45 (38)

6 (13)

36 (20)

Type of unit

χ2 = 148.28 (P = .001**, Phi = .43)

Acute medical

406 (50)

279 (61)

51 (43)

38 (81)

38 (21)

Acute surgical

128 (16)

27 (6)

30 (25)

9 (19)

62 (34)

Acute medical-surgical

274 (34)

153 (33)

38 (32)

-

83 (45)

Primary working shift

χ2 = 134.90 (P = .001**, Phi = .41)

Day shift

226 (33)

139 (30)

38 (33)

23 (49)

66 (37)

Evening shift

70 (9)

54 (12)

6 (5)

8 (17)

2 (1)

Night shift

76 (9)

54 (12)

9 (8)

3 (7)

10 (6)

12-h day shift

149 (19)

49 (10)

43 (37)

2 (4)

55 (30)

12-h night shift

150 (19)

81 (18)

15 (13)

10 (21)

44 (24)

Rotating

90 (11)

81 (18)

4 (4)

1 (2)

4 (2)


Variable/Mean (standard deviation)

Mean (SD)

Mean (SD)

Mean (SD)

Mean (SD)

Mean (SD)

One-way ANOVA (P)


Age

36.67 (11.19)

35.92 (10.82)

38.36 (12.07)

44.57 (11.92)

35.31 (10.41)

F = 10.31, (P = .001**)

Tenure in acute inpatient care units

7.32 (8.30)

6.47 (7.74)

9.94 (9.87)

9.91 (8.63)

7.07 (8.05)

F = 6.94 (P = .001**)


**P < .01.

Tzeng BMC Health Services Research 2010 10:52   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-52

Open Data