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Open Access Research article

Impact of periodic health examination on surgical treatment for uterine fibroids in Beijing: a case-control study

Hai-Yun Wu1*, Ling-Ling Yang2 and Shan Zhou3

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, PR China

2 Department of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, PR China

3 Chinese Navy General Hospital, 6 Fucheng, Beijing 100048, PR China

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BMC Health Services Research 2010, 10:329  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-329

Published: 7 December 2010



During the past 2 decades, there has been a rapid proliferation of "health examination center (HEC)" across China. The effects of their services on public's health have not been systemically investigated. This study aimed to assess the impact of periodic health examination (PHE) at HEC on surgical treatment for uterine fibroids in Beijing residents.


We identified 224 patients with a primary diagnosis of uterine fibroids who had surgical treatment at four Level-1 general hospitals in Beijing, from June 1, 2009 to October 20, 2009. Controls were women who did not have surgery for uterine fibroids, matched (1:1 ratio) for age (within 2 years). A standard questionnaire was used to inquire about whether participants had PHE at HEC during the previous 2 years.


PHE at HEC within 2 years were associated with surgical treatment for uterine fibroids. Odds ratios was 4.05 (95% CI, 2.61-6.29 P < 0.001), after adjustment for marital status, whether have children, annual family income, health insurance, education level and self-rated uterine fibroids-related symptom severity.


Our study showed PHE currently provided at HEC in China were associated with significantly increased use of surgical treatment for uterine fibroids in women. Further studies are needed to assess the effects of PHE on clinical as well as on broad societal outcomes in Chinese in contemporary medical settings.