Table 1

Descriptive Characteristics of Sample Adults Not Using Conventional Care in the Past 12 Months1

Variable

All Adults

Percent Using Alternative Medicine

Chi-square

p-value2


External Environment


Region

<.01


Northeast

14.4

24.8


Midwest

23.9

27.0


South

37.8

21.6


West

23.9

27.5


MSA Status

.57


MSA, central city

32.5

23.9


MSA, non-central city

48.0

25.5


Non-MSA

19.5

24.4



Predisposing Factors


Sex

<.01


Male

69.5

23.3


Female

30.5

28.1


Age

<.001


18-24

18.4

21.2


25-44

47.9

25.6


45-64

26.6

27.1


65+

7.1

19.6


Race/Ethnicity

<.001


Hispanic

18.6

16.8


Non-Hispanic white

64.2

27.6


Non-Hispanic black

10.9

18.8


Non-Hispanic other

6.3

30.0


Education

<.001


Less than high school

21.9

12.6


High school diploma/G.E.D.

30.5

22.3


Some college/AA degree

27.7

30.7


Bachelor's or higher

19.9

34.1


Class of Worker

<.01


Private sector

58.3

24.5


Government

7.5

27.9


Self-employed/family business

8.8

31.6


Not working

25.3

22.6


Born in the U.S.

<.001


Yes

77.0

26.5


No

23.0

19.2


Enabling Factors


Poverty Status

<.001


Poor

13.8

19.9


Near poor

20.9

21.8


Not poor

65.2

26.8


Marital Status

.11


Never married

27.1

22.8


Married/cohabiting

59.6

25.3


Divorced/separated

10.1

27.7


Widowed

3.2

22.9


Health Insurance Coverage

<.001


Uninsured

33.5

24.7


Private coverage

58.2

25.9


Public coverage

8.3

17.4


Usual Place for Care

.52


Yes

61.6

25.1


No

38.4

24.3


Health Need Factors


Reported Health Status

.15


Poor/fair

5.2

21.1


Good/very good/excellent

94.8

24.9


Health Compared to 12 Months Ago

<.001


Worse

3.7

37.1


About the same

83.7

22.5


Better

12.6

36.5


Functional Limitation

<.001


Yes

14.5

35.8


No

85.5

22.9


Respondent Reported a Serious Chronic or Acute Condition?

<.001


Yes

23.8

30.7


No

76.2

22.6


Respondent Reported Back Problems

<.001


Yes

17.8

37.8


No

82.2

22.0


One or More Health Needs3

<.001


Yes

39.5%

31.5


No

60.5

20.0


Personal Health Practices


Leisure-Time Physical Activity

<.001


Never/unable

42.2

15.1


Some activity

27.8

27.7


Regular activity

30.1

35.5


Alcohol Drinking Status

<.001


Lifetime abstainer

25.0

16.9


Former drinker

11.2

27.2


Light/infrequent

40.1

26.9


Moderate/heavy

23.7

29.4


Smoking Status

<.05


Current smoker

29.0

24.8


Former smoker

14.5

30.1


Never smoked

56.5

23.5


Barriers to conventional care


Delayed Care Due to Cost and/or non-Cost Barriers

<.001


Yes

13.2

39.1


No

86.8

22.5



1 Approximately 19% (n = 5,383) of adults did not use some form of conventional care in the past 12 months.

2 Chi-square analysis was used to identify statistically significant associations between the independent/control variables and the dependent variable (use of alternative medicine only versus use of neither alternative medicine nor conventional care).

3 This measure is defined as any one of: poor or fair health; health is worse off than it was 12 months ago; one or more serious chronic or acute conditions; a functional limitation; and/or back problems.

Nahin et al. BMC Health Services Research 2010 10:220   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-220

Open Data