Table 1

The Barriers and Facilitators to Patient Advocacy

Barriers to patients advocacy

Facilitators to patients advocacy


Nurse-patient relationship

Lack of Law and Code of Ethics

Recognizing and paying attention to patients' needs and conditions

Lack of Support for nurses

Nurses' responsibility

Physicians leading

Physician as colleague

Time shortage

Nurses' knowledge and skills

Limited communication

Risks of advocacy

Loyalty to peer

Lack of motivation

Negarandeh et al. BMC Nursing 2006 5:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-5-3

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