Table 1

Examples of 3 levels of coding

Level 1 codes (Meaning unit)

Level 2 codes (categories)

Level 3 codes (theme)

• Lack of confidence

* Fear of failure

• Lack of knowledge

*Feeling incompetent

Initial clinical

• Lack of confidence in the first day

*Feeling under pressure


*Fear of facing the procedure

• Being anxious about Starting clinical practice

• Fear of hospital environment

• First week anxiety

• Fear of unknown in the first day

Sharif and Masoumi BMC Nursing 2005 4:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-4-6

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