Table 2

Observed physical restraint use compared to restraint use reported a) by interview with the nursing staff, and b) by review of medical and nursing records, among 377 nursing home residents

Direct observation

Direct observation


Yes

No

Total

Yes

No

Total


a) Interview with nursing staff*

b) Review of medical and nursing records†


Yes

111

11

122

Yes

95

49

144

No

16

239

255

No

32

201

233

Total

127

250

377

Total

127

250

377


* Sensitivity = 87.4%; specificity = 93.7%; phi = 0.84.

† Sensitivity = 74.8%; specificity = 86.3%; phi = 0.54.

Laurin et al. BMC Nursing 2004 3:5   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-3-5

Open Data