Table 1

Physical restraint use according to a) direct observation, b) interviews with the nursing staff, and c) reviews of medical and nursing records, among 377 nursing home residents

Physical restraint use


Direct observation

Interview with nursing staff

Review of clinical records


Physical restraint

N

(%)

N

(%)

N

(%)


Fixed tray table

89

(23.6)

104

(27.6)

65

(17.2)

Belt

48

(12.7)

65

(17.2)

73

(19.4)

Vest

15

(4.0)

21

(5.6)

30

(8.0)

Wrist

2

(0.5)

1

(0.3)

2

(0.5)

Ankle

0

(0)

1

(0.3)

0

(0)

Others

3

(0.8)

5

(1.3)

14

(3.7)

Any physical restraints

127

(33.7)

122

(32.4)

144

(38.2)

Siderails

237

(62.9)

240

(63.7)

272

(72.1)


Laurin et al. BMC Nursing 2004 3:5   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-3-5

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