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Open Access Research article

Nursing churn and turnover in Australian hospitals: nurses perceptions and suggestions for supportive strategies

Angela J Dawson1*, Helen Stasa2, Michael A Roche2, Caroline S E Homer1 and Christine Duffield2

Author Affiliations

1 Centre for Midwifery, Child and Family Health, Faculty of Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Jones Street, Sydney 2007, NSW, Australia

2 Centre for Health Services Management, Faculty of Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Jones Street, Sydney 2007, NSW, Australia

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BMC Nursing 2014, 13:11  doi:10.1186/1472-6955-13-11

Published: 8 April 2014

Abstract

Background

This study aimed to reveal nurses’ experiences and perceptions of turnover in Australian hospitals and identify strategies to improve retention, performance and job satisfaction. Nursing turnover is a serious issue that can compromise patient safety, increase health care costs and impact on staff morale. A qualitative design was used to analyze responses from 362 nurses collected from a national survey of nurses from medical and surgical nursing units across 3 Australian States/Territories.

Method

A qualitative design was used to analyze responses from 362 nurses collected from a national survey of nurses from medical and surgical nursing units across 3 Australian States/Territories.

Results

Key factors affecting nursing turnover were limited career opportunities; poor support; a lack of recognition; and negative staff attitudes. The nursing working environment is characterised by inappropriate skill-mix and inadequate patient-staff ratios; a lack of overseas qualified nurses with appropriate skills; low involvement in decision-making processes; and increased patient demands. These issues impacted upon heavy workloads and stress levels with nurses feeling undervalued and disempowered. Nurses described supportive strategies: improving performance appraisals, responsive preceptorship and flexible employment options.

Conclusion

Nursing turnover is influenced by the experiences of nurses. Positive steps can be made towards improving workplace conditions and ensuring nurse retention. Improving performance management and work design are strategies that nurse managers could harness to reduce turnover.

Keywords:
Nursing staff; Hospital personnel; Turnover; Personnel management