Table 1

The process and outcome of responding to patients’ spiritual needs
A. How nurses became aware of patients’ spiritual needs B. The nature of patients’ reported concerns C. The nurses’ action D. The outcome of nurses’ intervention
By encouraging patients to talk and listening to them Being calm and happy as a feature of patient’s spirituality Providing company/reassurance Difficult to follow-up patients’ outcomes, for example, time factor, patient died,
Looking for clues about patients’ spirituality/religion Expression of loneliness, anger Providing explanation/practical support Factors other than spirituality may contribute
Through recognition of patient’s emotions Displays of emotions Showing sensitivity Nurses feel that the support they provide is of any assistance
Assuming spirituality equates with and religion Talking about personal beliefs Creating positive caring environment Being sensitive and respectful
Admission of lack of awareness of spiritual needs Overt expressions about God Providing religious support/referral to chaplaincy Feeling uncomfortable when dealing with patients’ spiritual needs because of lack of awareness
Role uncertainty in spiritual care Asking for spiritual leader to visit Providing support patients’ relatives, for example discussing end of life decisions; supporting spouse who felt lost and unbalanced Do not believe spiritual care is a priority and consider it to be a burden on practice

Nixon et al.

Nixon et al. BMC Nursing 2013 12:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-12-2

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