Table 2

Nursing staff's opinion of what causes falls

Worked in the care unit in question

CAUSING FALLS

Total

n = 63

ENs

n = 40

RNs

N = 14

p-value1)

≤5 years

n = 34

>5 years

n = 29


FACTORS RELATED TO THE INDIVIDUAL

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD

Mean

SD


Forgetfulness related to

Time, place and situation

2.2

1.1

2.3

1.1

2.1

1.0

2.2

1.1

2.3

1.1

Impaired physical condition

3.0

.8

3.0

.7

3.4

.6

3.1

.8

3.0

.7

Mental condition

2.3

.9

2.3

.9

2.1

.9

2.2

1.0

2.4

.8

How to use remedies

1.9

.9

2.1

1.0

1.6

.8

1.9

.9

2.0

1.0

That one need help with ADL

2.3

.9

2.3

.9

2.2

.9

2.2

.8

2.2

1.0

Anxiety/confusion

2.8

.9

2.9

.9

2.8

1.0

2.6

.9

3.0

.8

Ability to understand and express one self

Ability to call for help

2.8

.8

2.8

.9

2.7

.8

2.8

.7

2.8

1.0

Ability to understand staff's instructions

2.3

.9

2.5

.9

2.2

1.0

2.2

.9

2.4

1.0

Physical factors

Mobility

2.7

.9

2.7

.9

3.0

.7

2.7

.9

2.8

.8

Bodily built

1.9

.9

2.0

1.0

1.9

.8

1.9

.8

1.9

1.0

Body control and movements

2.7

.8

2.7

.8

2.9

.8

2.5

.8

2.9

.8

Impaired assessment of distance

2.5

.8

2.6

.9

2.5

.8

2.4

.8

2.6

.8

Dizziness

2.5

.84

2.5

.8

2.8

.9

2.6

.8

2.4

.9

Sight

2.4

.70

2.4

.7

2.4

.8

2.3

.7

2.4

.7

Hearing

2.0

.9

2.0

.9

1.8

1.1

2.0

1.0

1.9

.9

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS

Physical environment

Unsurveyable locals and long distances

1.6

.7

1.6

.8

1.5

.7

1.6

.7

1.6

.8

Colours and materials on floors

1.4

.7

1.5

.8

1.3

.5

1.3

.6

1.6

.8

Carpets, furniture and equipment

1.3

.6

1.4

.6

1.1

.3

.051

1.4

.6

1.3

.5

Illumination

1.3

.5

1.2

.4

1.4

.5

1.3

.6

1.3

.4

Wet floors

1.3

.6

1.2

.5

1.4

.7

1.4

.7

1.1

.4

Psycho-social environment

Noise and disturbances

1.5

.7

1.5

.7

1.5

.7

1.5

.7

1.5

.8

Disturbing co-residents

2.0

.8

2.0

.8

2.2

.8

1.9

.8

2.1

.8

Aggressive and annoying co-residents

2.0

.8

2.0

.8

2.2

.9

1.9

.8

2.1

.7

Staff organisation and priorities

Number of staff

2.4

.9

2.4

.9

2.7

.8

2.2

.9

2.6

.9

Planning and prioritizing work

1.5

.7

1.6

.6

1.6

1.0

1.5

.7

1.5

.7

Insufficient knowledge of the residents risk behavior

1.4

.6

1.4

.5

1.7

.9

1.4

.7

1.5

.5

Discovering fall risk too late

1.6

.6

1.7

.7

1.5

.5

1.6

.6

1.7

.7

Prioritizing the residents' integrity and autonomi

1.9

.8

1.8

.7

2.4

.9

.023

1.9

.9

1.9

.7


1) Significance test Mann Whitney U-test

Struksnes et al. BMC Nursing 2011 10:13   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-10-13

Open Data