Table 6

Numbers and proportions of Finnish undergraduate students in the 'Student Health Survey 2004' diagnosed with chronic conditions in the non-user group and in the user group by gender, as well as the statistical significance between the proportions of chronic conditions in the non-user and in the user groups

Men


Non-users

Users

P*


(n = 996–999)

(n = 91–92)


Chronic Condition

One or more diagnosed chronic conditon of any type

634

64%

67

73%

0.07

Dental Caries or other Oral Disorders

283

28%

29

32%

0.52

Refractive Errors or other Eye Disorders

250

25%

24

26%

0.83

Allergic Rhinitis, or Conjunctivitis

154

15%

22

24%

0.03

Atopic Dermatitis

65

7%

10

11%

0.12

Psychiatric Disorders (excl. Eating Disorders)

51

5%

7

8%

0.31

Acne or other Dermatological Disorders (excl. Atopic Dermatitis)

50

5%

8

9%

0.13

Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders

50

5%

4

4%

0.78

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders

44

4%

6

7%

0.34

Lactose Intolerance

43

4%

7

8%

0.15

Asthma or other Pulmonary Disorders

37

4%

3

3%

0.83

Migraine

37

4%

1

1%

0.19

Cardiovascular Disorders

26

3%

3

3%

0.71

Gastrointestinal Disorders (excl. Lactose Intolerance)

24

2%

4

4%

0.26

Disorders of Male Reproductive Organs

12

1%

2

2%

0.43

Diabetes

9

1%

0

0%

0.36

Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders

4

0.4%

0

0.0%

0.54

Thyroid Disorders

2

0.2%

0

0.0%

0.67

Eating Disorders

1

0.1%

0

0.0%

0.76

Epilepsia or other Neurological Disorders (exlc. Migraine)

0

0%

0

0%

xx


Women


Non-users

Users

P*


(n = 1 697–1 699)

(n = 275)


One or more diagnosed chronic conditon of any type

1 297

76%

217

79%

0.35

Dental Caries or other Oral Disorders

572

34%

87

32%

0.50

Refractive Errors or other Eye Disorders

534

31%

85

31%

0.86

Allergic Rhinitis, or Conjunctivitis

297

18%

54

20%

0.39

Atopic Dermatitis

189

11%

35

13%

0.44

Psychiatric Disorders (excl. Eating Disorders)

140

8%

34

12%

0.03

Acne or other Dermatological Disorders (excl. Atopic Dermatitis)

137

8%

29

11%

0.17

Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders

137

8%

28

10%

0.24

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders

85

5%

19

7%

0.19

Lactose Intolerance

122

7%

18

7%

0.70

Asthma or other Pulmonary Disorders

88

5%

17

6%

0.49

Migraine

135

8%

23

8%

0.81

Cardiovascular Disorders

42

3%

17

6%

0.001

Gastrointestinal Disorders (excl. Lactose Intolerance)

87

5%

15

6%

0.82

Diabetes

9

1%

3

1%

0.27

Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders

66

4%

18

7%

0.04

Thyroid Disorders

23

1%

6

2%

0.29

Eating Disorders

26

2%

4

2%

0.92

Epilepsia or other Neurological Disorders (exlc. Migraine)

6

0.4%

2

1%

0.37

Gynaecological Disorders

134

8%

23

8%

0.79


* χ2 test

Self-reported chronic diseases, illnesses or disabilities diagnosed by a physician, dentist, or psychologist, produced symptoms or required treatment during the last 12 months

Castrén et al. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2008 8:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6947-8-8

Open Data