Extracting principal diagnosis, co-morbidity and smoking status for asthma research: evaluation of a natural language processing system
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BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2006, 6:30 doi:10.1186/1472-6947-6-30Published: 26 July 2006
The text descriptions in electronic medical records are a rich source of information. We have developed a Health Information Text Extraction (HITEx) tool and used it to extract key findings for a research study on airways disease.
The principal diagnosis, co-morbidity and smoking status extracted by HITEx from a set of 150 discharge summaries were compared to an expert-generated gold standard.
The accuracy of HITEx was 82% for principal diagnosis, 87% for co-morbidity, and 90% for smoking status extraction, when cases labeled "Insufficient Data" by the gold standard were excluded.
We consider the results promising, given the complexity of the discharge summaries and the extraction tasks.