|Applications for Patients|
|Diabeo URL66||Beta||Windows Mobile||A telemedicine solution for diabetes management.||Includes bolus calculators using validated algorithms; takes into account carbohydrate intake, pre-meal blood glucose, and anticipated physical activity reported; plasma glucose targets; automatic adjustments of carbohydrate ratio and basal insulin; data transmission to medical staff computers through GPRSx.|
|Cardiomobile URL67||Prototype||Windows Mobile||A real-time remote monitoring system for cardiac rehabilitation.||Sends ECGj rate, walking speed, heart rate, elapsed distance and patient location to a secure server via GPRSx during exercise sessions; server-side software displays these data.|
|Pulmonary Rehabilitation ||Prototype||Windows Mobile||An application based on standard pulmonary rehabilitation program for self-management, consists of Bluetooth pulse oximeter and smartphone.||Select and start exercise program; set custom personalized upper and lower heart rate; display heart rate, time remaining in seconds and feedback color (green: normal physical condition, amber: normal condition but near acceptable limits, red: dangerous physical condition).|
|PAL Calculator ||Prototype||Java-enabled smartphones||Measures physical activity level (PAL) through questionnaire application on smartphones.||Displays questionnaire; measures PAL.|
|Asthma Peak Flow Monitoring ||Prototype||Windows Mobile||An application to monitor peak flow of asthma patients.||Sends peak-flow reading through GPRSx network to a secure server; receives asthma trend analysis feedback from the server.|
|eCAALYX ||Prototype||Android||A remote monitoring system for older people with multiple chronic conditions.||Receives data from wearable health sensors in a smart garment; transmits data to the monitoring server; identifies higher-level information such as tachycardia and signs of respiratory infections based on established medical knowledge; displays most recent medical details obtained from the sensors.|
|Hearing Check URL68||1.0 (free)||iOS||A simple and confidential hearing check tool developed by RNIDy, UK||Calls a landline number to access a free hearing check.|
|uHear URL69||1.0 (Free)||iOS||A hearing loss self-assessment test.||Three assessments: hearing sensitivity, speech in noise, and a questionnaire about common listening situations.|
|iTinnitus URL70||1.51 ($4.99)||iOS||A sound therapy package for patients with tinnitus.||Records tinnitus by frequency in Hertz and keeps track of the tinnitus in a daily diary graph, supports full masking therapy that is some form of sound played at a volume around the same volume as the patient’s tinnitus, also supports residual inhibition and habituation.|
|Sleep Aid URL71||1.3 ($2.99)||iOS||A sleep apnea management application.||Records snoring; generates graph of snoring; plays back snoring sound; provides information about sleep apnea.|
|Fall Detector ||Prototype||Smartphone with camera support.||A fall detection system consisting of tri-axial accelerometer with embedded processor and camera phone.||The embedded processor in the accelerometer process the data locally, sends data to the camera phone through a Bluetooth connection during a suspected fall; phone generates a request to the user for vocal or keypad response; automatically calls emergency services in serious situations; sends data and video to emergency services through high-speed 3G network.|
|Fall Detector ||Prototype||Wireless-enabled smartphone.||A fall detection application consisting of a smartphone with wireless Internet connection, tri-axial accelerometer, and microcontroller.||Detects a fall; sends data to the server for further analysis to determine an emergency.|
|iFall ||Prototype||Android||An application for fall detection and response.||Detects falls; determines false positives, request user’s attention by vibrating the phone, flashing LEDs and screen, playing an audio message; makes automatic emergency-services call.|
|Purdue Momentary Assessment Tool URL72[84,85,87]||2.1.3 (free)||Palm OS||A human behavior monitoring tool.||Event-driven study design; the application generate a beep when an event is fired; displays question sets, sets do-not-disturb time during busy moments.|
|Mayo Clinic Meditation URL73||1.0 ($2.99)||iOS||An application that helps to practice meditation.||Includes short training videos introducing key concepts; 15-minute meditation program and 5-minute meditation program.|
This table presents the version, platforms, a short description, and a list of functions of the 15 applications for patients. Of these, six applications are for disease management with chronic condition, four are ENT-related, three are fall-related, and two other conditions.
jECG: Electrocardiography, xGPRS: General Packet Radio Service, yRNID: Royal National Institute for Deaf People.
URL67: https://www.ihbi.qut.edu.au/about/researchover/injury/cardiomobile.jsp webcite, Accessed June, 2011.
URL68: http://www.actiononhearingloss.org.uk/your-hearing/technology/equipment-and-research/iphone-hearing-check.aspx webcite, Accessed June, 2011.
URL69: http://www.unitronhearing.com/unitron/global/en/professional/your_practice/uhear.html webcite, Accessed June, 2011.
URL70: http://www.innerearsolutions.com/Software_Solutions.html webcite, Accessed June, 2011.
Mosa et al.
Mosa et al. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2012 12:67 doi:10.1186/1472-6947-12-67