Table 5

Medical Error (ME) to be Disclosed According to Preference and Perception of Current Practice per Demographic Characteristics

Statement*

Overall P value a

Disclose near miss ME vs. other choices b

Don't disclose ME

vs. other choices b


Don't disclose ME

Disclose major harm ME

Disclose moderate harm ME

Disclose

minor harm ME

Disclose

near miss

ME

P

OR

(95% CI)

P

OR

(95 %CI)


Personal Preference


Males [425]

32 (8)

74 (17)

87 (21)

121(29)

111(26)

< 0.001

< 0.001

0.45

< 0.001

4.23

Females** [477]

9 (2)

119 (25)

56 (12)

84 (18)

209 (44)

(0.34-0.60)

(2.00-8.98)

Saudis [810]

38 (5)

182 (23)

129 (16)

176 (22)

285 (35)

0.06

0.59

0.88

0.54

1.46

Non-Saudi Arabs** [92]

3 (3)

11 (12)

14 (15)

29 (32)

35 (38)

(0.57-1.4)

(0.44-4.83)

Patients [333]

8 (2)

80 (24)

57 (17)

84 (25)

104 (31)

0.25

0.04

0.74

0.02

0.40

Healthy** [569]

33 (6)

113 (20)

86 (15)

121 (21)

216 (38)

(0.56-0.99)

(0.18-0.88)

≥College, 551

21 (4)

114 (21)

101 (18)

128 (23)

187 (34)

0.02

0.003

0.40

0.58

1.78

(0.21-0.73)

(0.23-13.51)

School [304]

19 (6)

70 (23)

42 (14)

67 (22)

106 (35)

0.006

0.41

0.29

3.00

(0.22-0.77)

(0.39-22.73)

Illiterate** [46]

1 (2)

9 (20)

0 (0)

10 (22)

26 (57)


Perception of Current Practice


Males [420]

37 (9)

104 (25)

119 (28)

87 (21)

73 (17)

< 0.001

0.93

1.02

< 0.001

0.38

Females** [426]

87 (20)

146 (34)

66 (16)

54 (13)

73 (17)

(0.71-1.45)

(0.25-0.57)

Saudis [758]

116 (15)

230 (30)

161 (21)

125 (17)

126 (17)

0.02

0.15

0.68

0.12

1.81

Non-Saudi Arabs** [88]

8 (9)

20 (23)

24 (27)

16 (18)

20 (23)

(0.40-1.16)

(0.85-3.84)

Patients [304]

41 (14)

88 (29)

60 (20)

59 (19)

56 (18)

0.20

0.50

1.13

0.47

0.86

Healthy** [542]

83 (15)

162 (30)

125 (23)

82 (15)

90 (17)

(0.79-1.64)

(0.58-1.29)

≥College [524]

66(13)

167 (32)

136 (26)

73 (14)

82 (16)

0.004

0.83

1.11

0.01

0.31

(0.42-2.95)

(0.17-0.78)

School [286]

48 (17)

66 (23)

49 (17)

64 (22)

59 (21)

0.38

1.56

0.09

0.50

(0.58-4.20)

(0.23-1.12)

Illiterate** [35]

10 (29)

16 (46)

0 (0)

4 (11)

5 (14)


*"Don't disclose", and disclose when there is a "major harm", "moderate harm", "minor harm", or "near miss" correspond, respectively, to statements 1 to 5 in Table 1(a). Data indicate the number (%) of respondents who chose the corresponding statement. Numbers between [·] represent the number of responses from participants with the indicated characteristic. aMann-Whitney test or Kruskal-Wallis test (for educational status). bMantel-Haenszel common odds ratio estimate.

** Reference group in the Mantel-Haenszel estimate. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

Hammami et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2010 11:17   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-11-17

Open Data