Table 1

Self-reported understanding of the essential elements in the Kalamazoo model of communication pre and post the academic half day (AHD) session.

Competencies in the Kalamazoo Model

Pre-AHD: Median (IQR)

Post-AHD: Median (IQR)

P Value


Build a relationship

3 (2–4)

4 (3–4)

0.005

Open the discussion

3 (2–4)

4 (3–4)

0.001

Gather information

3.5 (3–4)

4 (3–4)

0.13

Understand the patient's perspective

3 (3–4)

4 (3.5–4)

<0.001

Share information

3 (3–4)

4 (4–4)

<0.001

Reach agreement on problems and plans

3 (3–4)

4 (3–4)

0.005

Provide closure

3 (2–4)

4 (3–4)

<0.001


IQR = interquartile range.

Wong et al. BMC Medical Education 2009 9:9   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-9-9

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