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Open Access Research article

Facilitators' influence on student PBL small group session online information resource use: a survey

Christopher B Reznich1* and Elizabeth Werner2

Author Affiliations

1 Office of Medical Education Research and Development A206 East Fee Hall College of Human Medicine Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 U.S.A

2 Office of Academic Programs A254 Life Sciences College of Human Medicine Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824 U.S.A

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BMC Medical Education 2004, 4:9  doi:10.1186/1472-6920-4-9

Published: 15 June 2004

Abstract

Background

In problem-based learning curricular research has focused on the characteristics of good facilitators and how they influence student performance and satisfaction. Far less frequently addressed has been the question of how PBL facilitators influence the small group session activity of students. We investigated the impact that facilitators' encouragement of use or non-use of the Internet would have on the students' use of online information resources.

Methods

Survey of student and facilitator perceptions of facilitator behavior and student use of online information resources.

Results

Students who used online information resources rated their facilitators' behavior as more encouraging, while students in groups who didn't use online information resources during problem-based learning small group sessions rated their facilitators' behavior as less encouraging. This result was statistically significant.

Conclusions

Our study supports the role of the facilitator as an influence on medical students in small groups, particularly with respect to facilitator verbal behavior encouraging or discouraging student use of information technology in the problem-based learning small group session.