Table 5

Students’ views about integrated laboratory classes
Question Responses* Practical 1: CSF infection Practical 2: Small intestine and pancreas Practical 3: Liver function tests Practical 4: Adrenal gland function
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Q1: Overall I enjoyed working on cases to apply knowledge learnt. Strongly Agree 151 (61.1) 118 (46.8) 117 (49.2) 108 (44.3)
Agree 84 (34.0) 107 (42.5) 102 (42.9) 108 (44.3)
Unable to decide 7 (2.8) 12 (4.8) 15 (6.3) 23 (9.4)
Disagree 3 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.2)
Strongly disagree 2 (0.8) 3 (1.2) 4 (1.7) 2 (0.8)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q2: The feedback from the tutor at the end was useful to my learning. Strongly Agree 133 (53.8) 106 (42.1) 96 (40.3) 92 (37.7)
Agree 90 (36.4) 116 (46.0) 104 (43.7) 108 (44.3)
Unable to decide 19 (7.7) 16 (6.3) 29 (12.2) 34 (13.9)
Disagree 3 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 5 (2.1) 8 (3.3)
Strongly disagree 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8) 4 (1.7) 2 (0.8)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q3: The integration of subjects such as biochemistry, pathology, and microbiology in this practical class helped me to better understand issues related in the practical class. Strongly Agree 139 (56.3) 110 (43.7) 83 (34.9) 92 (37.7)
Agree 87 (35.2) 100 (39.7) 99 (41.6) 98 (40.2)
Unable to decide 16 (6.5) 20 (7.9) 41 (17.2) 44 (18.0)
Disagree 4 (1.6) 9 (3.6) 11 (4.6) 7 (2.9)
Strongly disagree 1 (0.4) 2 (0.8) 4 (1.7) 3 (1.2)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q4: The laboratory procedure conducted was useful to my learning** Strongly Agree 102 (41.3) 113 (44.8) 79 (33.2) 73 (29.9)
Agree 92 (37.2) 86 (34.1) 115 (48.3) 114 (46.7)
Unable to decide 40 (16.2) 30 (11.9) 27 (11.3) 41 (16.8)
Disagree 10 (4.0) 11 (4.4) 14 (5.9) 11 (4.5)
Strongly disagree 3 (1.2) 1 (0.4) 3 (1.3) 5 (2.0)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q5: I enjoyed working with and learning from other students in this practical class. Strongly Agree 115 (46.6) 103 (40.9) 90 (37.8) 94 (38.5)
Agree 104 (42.1) 117 (46.4) 103 (43.3) 97 (39.8)
Unable to decide 25 (10.1) 18 (7.1) 32 (13.4) 38 (15.6)
Disagree 2 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 8 (3.4) 12 (4.9)
Strongly disagree 1 (0.4) 2 (0.8) 5 (2.1) 3 (1.2)
Total number 247 (100) 525 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q6: Practical classes should have cases to work on, followed by tutor discussion of tasks provided and hands-on training related to the practical class. Strongly Agree 134 (54.3) 112 (44.4) 97 (40.8) 103 (42.2)
Agree 89 (36.0) 102 (40.5) 99 (41.6) 89 (36.5)
Unable to decide 15 (6.1) 20 (7.9) 33 (13.9) 39 (16.0)
Disagree 7 (2.8) 3 (1.2) 4 (1.7) 10 (4.1)
Strongly disagree 2 (0.8) 4 (1.6) 5 (2.1) 3 (1.2)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q7: I learnt better through working on tasks and working with others Strongly Agree 102 (41.3) 69 (27.4) 75 (31.5) 77 (31.6)
Agree 103 (41.7) 116 (46.0) 110 (46.2) 106 (43.4)
Unable to decide 27 (10.9) 38 (15.1) 31 (13.0 32 (13.1)
Disagree 10 (4.0) 10 (4.0) 13 (5.5) 22 (9.0)
Strongly disagree 5 (2.0) 8 (3.2) 9 (3.8) 7 (2.9)
Total number 247 (100.0) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q8: My learning is enhanced when I use several resources (e.g., multimedia, PBL cases, practical classes, and textbooks). Strongly Agree 93 (37.7) 71 (28.2 ) 65 (27.3) 78 (32.0)
Agree 108 (43.7) 107 (42.5) 107 (45.0) 99 (40.6)
Unable to decide 32 (13.0) 41 (16.3) 41 (17.2) 36 (14.8)
Disagree 6 (2.4) 17 (6.7) 16 (6.7) 18 (7.4)
Strongly disagree 8 (3.2) 5 (2.0) 9 (3.8) 13 (5.3)
Total number 247 (100.0) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)
Q9: I learn better by hands-on working on activities in practical classes Strongly Agree 139 (52.6) 104 (41.3) 82 (33.2) 95 (38.9)
Agree 87 (39.3) 115 (45.6) 111 (46.6) 105 (43.0)
Unable to decide 13 (5.3) 18 (7.1) 31 (13.0) 27 (11.1)
Disagree 4 (1.6) 2 (0.8) 12 (5.0) 15 (6.1)
Strongly disagree 3 (1.2) 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8) 2 (0.8)
Total number 247 (100) 252 (100) 238 (100) 244 (100)

* A 5-point Likert scale, where 1 indicated “strongly agree”, 3 indicated “unable to decide”, and 5 “strongly disagree”.

** The laboratory procedure was for Practical 1: measurement of glucose concentration in a cerebrospinal fluid sample, for Practical 2: measurement of serum amylase activity, for Practical 3: measurement of serum bilirubin concentration, Practical 4: measurement of serum cortisol.

Azer et al.

Azer et al. BMC Medical Education 2013 13:71   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-71

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