|Three prototypical approaches to learning|
|Surface||Extrinsic: avoid failure but don’t work too hard||Focus on selected details and reproduce accurately|
|Deep||Intrinsic: satisfy curiosity about topic||Maximize understanding: read widely, discuss, reflect|
|Achieving||Achievement: compete for highest grade||Optimize organization of time and effort (study skills)|
Emilia et al.
Emilia et al. BMC Medical Education 2012 12:114 doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-114