Table 1

Characteristics of the volunteers in each category

Parameter

p value


Sex

Males

Females

33.7%

66.3%

p < 0.001


Dress Style (Females)

Western-Style

Hijab

Niqab

13.3%

46.7%

7.3%

p < 0.001


Age

29.0 ± 9.7

22.5 ± 5.2*

33.9 ± 14.9†

39.3 ± 15.3†

p < 0.01


BMI

25.5 ± 3.5

21.3 ± 3.0*

24.9 ± 4.5

27.1 ± 4.6

p < 0.001


Type of Food consumption per week

Dairy††

4.0 ± 1.8*

3.9 ± 2.0

4.6 ± 1.8

5.0 ± 1.6

p < 0.01

Meat

3.4 ± 1.9*

4.3 ± 1.8

3.9 ± 1.8

4.1 ± 1.6

p < 0.05

Vegetarian

5.1 ± 1.6

4.6 ± 1.8

5.2 ± 1.5

5.5 ± 2.0

n.s

Fish

1.2 ± 0.7

1.7 ± 1.5†

1.3 ± 0.7

1.3 ± 0.7

p < 0.05


% of subjects using multivitamins supplement

9%

16%

27%

36%

n.s.


* and † refer to significantly different values; *:significantly less than other groups, †: significantly higher than other groups

†† Most of the dairy products is not fortified with vitamin D

Mallah et al. BMC Clinical Pathology 2011 11:8   doi:10.1186/1472-6890-11-8

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