Figure 5.

Effect of the decoction of A. marmelos on bacterial invasion to HEp-2 cells. (A) Invasion of E. coli E134 to HEp-2 cells in the pre-incubation (HEp-2 cells incubated with the decoction prior to infection) and the competitive (HEp-2 cells incubated with the decoction simultaneously with the infection) protocols. (B) Invasion of S. flexneri to HEp-2 cells in the pre-incubation (HEp-2 cells incubated with the decoction prior to infection) and the competitive (HEp-2 cells incubated with the decoction simultaneously with the infection) protocols. C: Control, invasion to HEp-2 cells in medium alone; L1: Invasion to HEp-2 cells in medium with 2.5 mg/ml lactulose; D: Invasion to HEp-2 cells in medium with decoction. Values represent mean ± standard error (n = 3) of percentage invasion relative to respective control (100%); * P < 0.05.

Brijesh et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:47   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-9-47
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