Table 2

Prevalence of Specific HDS Supplement Use Among Young Adults who use Alcohol and Tobacco

High Risk Lifestyle factors

Other Lifestyle factors


Dietary Supplement

Smoker

N = 362 %

P

Alcohol Moderate/heavy

n = 335 %

P

High Physical activity

N = 662 %

P


Echinacea

40

.18

49

.02

47

.002

Ginseng

42

.03

44

<.001

37

<.001

Gingko biloba

29

.02

29

.01

25

<.001

Sedating herbs valerian, melatonin, chamomile, kava kava

27

.02

28

<.001

21

.13

Garlic

17

.43

16

.54

17

.12

Peppermint

14

.79

12

.58

16

<.001

St. John's wort

20

<.001

17

.48

15

.03

Ginger

8

.09

9

.57

12

.03

Stimulant herbs ephedra, guarana

11

<.75

13

<.001

12

.005


Data sources National health interview survey 2002, weighted percents extrapolated from the to the U.S. census (2000) for the adult civilian, non-institutionalized household population.

Gardiner et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2007 7:39   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-7-39

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