Table 5

Experiment A: Blood edema and administration by sub plantar injection

Drug

Paw volume increase over time (ml ± SD) and effect (% of negative control)


1 hr

2 hr

3 hr

5 hr


Saline

0.80 ± 0.08

0.73 ± 0.09

0.69 ± 0.08

0.52 ± 0.07

Arnica D4

0.65 ± 0.09

-19

0.68 ± 0.11

-7

0.60 ± 0.08

-12

0.47 ± 0.07

-9

Apis D4

0.69 ± 0.09

-14

0.69 ± 0.08

-6

0.63 ± 0.08

-8

0.45 ± 0.07

-14

Atropa D4

0.73 ± 0.09

-9

0.70 ± 0.09

-4

0.63 ± 0.09

-8

0.48 ± 0.08

-9

Hamamelis D4

0.67 ± 0.13

-16

0.70 ± 0.13

-5

0.64 ± 0.09

-7

0.45 ± 0.09

-14

Lachesis D6

0.77 ± 0.09

-4

0.75 ± 0.11

3

0.63 ± 0.09

-8

0.48 ± 0.09

-8

Phosphorus D6

0.63 ± 0.13

-21

0.69 ± 0.16

-5

0.60 ± 0.15

-12

0.45 ± 0.15

-13

Indomethacin i.m.

0.69 ± 0.08

-14

0.62 ± 0.09

-16

0.49 ± 0.09

-28

0.38 ± 0.11

-27


ANOVA results. Treatment: F(7,134) = 3.92, p = 0.0006; Time: F(3,402) = 579.79, p < 0.0001; Treatment × time: F(21,402) = 4.54, p < 0.0001.

Bold characters denote significant comparisons (by Student t test) vs. Saline group corresponding for time since edema induction.

Conforti et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2007 7:1   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-7-1

Open Data