Table 4

Experiment A: Blood edema and oral administration

Drug

Paw volume increase over time (ml ± SD) and effect (% of negative control)


1 hr

2 hr

3 hr

5 hr


Saline

0.60 ± 0.12

0.63 ± 0.11

0.55 ± 0.15

0.36 ± 0.13

Arnica D4

0.58 ± 0.08

-5

0.61 ± 0.08

-4

0.52 ± 0.11

-5

0.38 ± 0.11

7

Apis D4

0.55 ± 0.08

-8

0.66 ± 0.08

4

0.55 ± 0.15

0

0.35 ± 0.13

-1

Atropa D4

0.57 ± 0.08

-6

0.63 ± 0.11

-1

0.54 ± 0.15

-2

0.33 ± 0.11

-7

Hamamelis D4

0.57 ± 0.07

-6

0.62 ± 0.08

-2

0.50 ± 0.13

-9

0.31 ± 0.10

-12

Lachesis D6

0.55 ± 0.14

-10

0.63 ± 0.11

-1

0.50 ± 0.15

-9

0.31 ± 0.12

-13

Phosphorus D6

0.54 ± 0.08

-11

0.62 ± 0.09

-2

0.53 ± 0.12

-4

0.33 ± 0.09

-7

Indomethacin i.m.

0.51 ± 0.10

-16

0.46 ± 0.10

-27

0.36 ± 0.12

-35

0.22 ± 0.10

-39


ANOVA results. Treatment: F(7,135) = 4.40, p = 0.0002; Time: F(3,405) = 535.25, p < 0.0001; Treatment × time (F(21,405) = 2.66, p = 0.0004.

Bold characters denote significant comparisons (by Student t test) vs. Saline group corresponding for time since edema induction.

Conforti et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2007 7:1   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-7-1

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