Table 3

Results of preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Baissea axillaries leaves. Chromatographic results.

Secondary Metabolites

Baissea axillaries extracts

Aqueous

Ethanolic


Alkaloids

Dragendorff's reagent

+

+

Wagner's reagent

+

+

Mayer's reagent

+

+

1% picric acid reagent

+

+

Anthracene derivatives

Combined anthraquinones

-

-

Free anthraquinones

-

-

Tannins

Phenazone test

+

+

Iron complex test

+

+

Formaldehyde test

+

+

Modified iron complex test

+

+

Saponin glycosides

Frothing test

-

-

Haemolysis test

-

-

Cardiac glycosides

Keller killiani test

-

-

Kedde test

-

-

Cyanogenetic glycosides

Sodium picrate test paper

+

+


Thin layer chromatography


Extract

No of spots

Colour in daylight

Colour in UV

Colour after spraying with Dragendorff

Rfvalue


Aqueous

2

colourless

Light green fluorescent

reddish brown

0.55

0.72

Ethanolic

2

colourless

Light green fluorescent

reddish brown

0.53

0.71


Paper chromatography


Extract

No of spots

Colour in daylight

Colour in UV

Colour after spraying with Ferric chloride

Rfvalue


Aqueous

1

colourless

green fluorescent

Violet colour

0.73

Ethanolic

1

colourless

green fluorescent

Violet colour

0.72


Key:

-- (absent); + (present)

Abere and Agoreyo BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2006 6:22   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-6-22

Open Data