Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Content validity of manual spinal palpatory exams - A systematic review

Wadie I Najm1*, Michael A Seffinger2, Shiraz I Mishra3, Vivian M Dickerson4, Alan Adams5, Sibylle Reinsch6, Linda S Murphy7 and Arnold F Goodman8

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Family Medicine & Geriatrics, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, 101 City Drive, Orange, CA 92868, USA

2 Department of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, 309 E. 2nd St., Pomona, CA 91766-1854, USA

3 Office of the Dean, Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific, 309 E. 2nd St., Pomona, CA 91766-1854, USA

4 Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, 101 City Drive, Orange, CA 92868, USA

5 Office for Academic Affairs and Office of the Provost, 212 Westcott Building, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA

6 Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of California, Irvine, Medical Center, 101 City Drive, Orange, CA 92868, USA

7 Science Library Reference Department, University of California, Irvine, P.O. Box 19557, Irvine, CA 926233-9557, USA

8 Center for Statistical Consulting, University of California, Irvine, 4900 Berkeley Place, Irvine, CA 92697, USA

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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2003, 3:1  doi:10.1186/1472-6882-3-1

Published: 7 May 2003

Additional files

Additional File 2:

Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria for developed and used for this study review.

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Additional File 3:

Key terms and search strategy used to identify articles in the databases used in this review.

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Additional File 1:

Studies reviewed and excluded from this study organized by type of validity they were classified to.

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