Table 1

Summary of efficacy outcomes
Author (year) Treatment (no. of participants analyzed/randomized) Outcome measures Results
Acupuncture as an add-on treatment
Sun (2011) [24] (A) MA + functional exercise (41/41) 1) PRGA* at 14 d 1) NS
(B) Functional exercise (41/41) 2) Time to cure (d) 2) (A) significantly better than (B)
Zheng (2010) [25] (A) MA + PRICE (≤ 24 h), MA + EA (≥ 24 h) (40/40; 27/40) 1) PRGA* at 15 d 1) (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) PRICE (≤ 24 h), EA (≥ 24 h) (33/33; 12/33) 2) Time to cure 2) NS
Wei (2010) [37] (A) WA + massage (30/30) PRGA§ at 10 d NS
(B) TENS + massage (30/30)
Tang (2010) [38] (A) EA + massage + IR (30/30) 1) PRGA * at 10 d 1) (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) Massage + IR (30/30; 25/30) 2) Recurrence rate at 6 month follow-up (%) 2) NS
He (2010) [36] (A) WA + small needle-knife therapy + drug injection + rehabilitation (87/87) 1) Pain (VAS) at immediately and two yrs after treatment 1) (A) significantly better than (B)
2) (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) Small needle-knife therapy + drug injection + rehabilitation (87/87)
2) QOL (SF-36) at immediately and two yrs after treatment
(C) WA + rehabilitation (87/87)
He (2006) [29] (A) MA + PRICE (≤ 24 h), EA + WA (≥ 24 h) (46/46; 31/46) 1) PRGA* at 15 d 1) (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) PRICE (≤ 24 h), EA (≥ 24 h) (33/33; 12/33) 2) Time to cure 2) NS
Li (2002) [31] (A) MA + oral/topical HM (23/23) PRGA* at 8 d (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) Oral/topical HM (23/23)
Ge (2000) [32] (A) MA + oral HM (50/50) PRGA§ at 10 d NS
(B) Oral HM (30/30)
Yu (1999) [33] (A) MA + topical NSAIDs (50/50) PRGA†† at 7 d NS
(B) Topical NSAIDs (50/50)
(C) MA (50/50)
Yu (2) (1999) [34] (A) MA + topical NSAIDs + ice pack (30/30) PRGA†† at 7 d (A) significantly better than (B), (C), or (D)
(B) Topical NSAIDs + ice pack (30/30)
(C) Ice pack (30/30)
(D) MA (30/30)
Yu (1996) [35] (A) MA + topical HM + ice pack (30/30) PRGA§ at 7 d (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) Topical HM + ice pack (30/30)
(C) Ice pack (30/30)
(D) MA (30/30)
Ruan (1995) [40] (A) MA + massage (116/116) PRGA‡‡ NS
(B) MA (112/112)
(C) Massage (110/110)
Acupuncture alone vs. other therapy
Ni (2010) [26] (A) MA (64/64; 61/64) 1) PRGA* at 3 d 1) (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) Ice pack (≤ 24 h), hot pack (≥ 24 h) + oral HM + IR (59/59; 45/59) 2) Time to cure 2) NS
Luo (2009) [27] (A) EA (23/23) PRGA* at 4 wks NS
(B) Topical NSAIDs (23/23)
Zhou (2008) [28] (A) WA (26/26) PRGA** at 5 d (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) IR (23/23)
Zhao (2005) [30] (A) EA (43/43) PRGA* at 4 wks NS
(B) Oral/topical NSAIDs + hot pack (33/33)
Wang (2005) [39] (A) EA (27/27) PRGA* at 5 d (A) significantly better than (B)
(B) IR (30/30)

*, cured/significantly improved/improved/failed; †, for outcome measure 1); ‡, for outcome measure 2); §, cured/improved/failed.

**, decrease rate ≥ 5/decrease rate ≤ 5 (mean score of pain and swelling).

††, significantly improved/improved/failed.

‡‡, cured/significantly improved/improved.

There were 4 trials which reported acupuncture alone vs. other treatment and acupuncture plus other treatment vs. other treatment [33-35,40]. They were put as acupuncture as an add-on treatment trials in this table.

d indicates days; EA, electroacupuncture; h, hours; HM, herbal medicine; IR, infrared radiation; MA, manual acupuncture; no., number; NS, no significant difference between groups; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; PRGA, patient-reported global assessment; PRICE, protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation; QOL, quality of life; TENS, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation; VAS, visual analog scale; WA, warm acupuncture; wks, weeks; yrs, years.

Park et al.

Park et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 13:55   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-55

Open Data