The effects of GL extracts on skeletal muscles IRS-PI3k signaling in rats. After the end of treatment, the levels of IRS-1 (A and B), phosphorylation IRS-1 (A and C), PI3K-p85 (A and D), Akt (E and F), phosphorylation Akt 308 (E and G), and Phosphorylation Akt 473 (E and H) in the skeletal muscles, as well as the membrane and total GLUT4 (I and J) in the skeletal muscles were characterized by Western blotting. Data are representative images or expressed as the mean ± S.D. of individual groups of rats (n = 4 per group). * p < 0.05 vs. the control group.
Guo et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 13:52 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-52