Table 3

Characteristics of hypertensive versus other traditional medicine users
Hypertension* Other
Variable N (%) N (%) P-value
Sex
  Male 5 (17.9) 33 (30.8)
  Female 23 (82.1) 74 (69.2) 0.174
Age in years
  < 44 years 0 (0.0) 31 (30.7)
  45-54 years 7 (25.9) 20 (19.8)
  55 -64 years 15 (55.6) 28 (27.7)
  65+ years 5 (18.5) 22 (21.8) 0.003
Marital Status
   Married /Cohabiting 8 (28.6) 60 (56.1)
  Divorced / Separated /Widowed 13 (465.4) 27 (25.2)
  Single 7 (25.0) 20 (18.7) 0.028
Highest formal education completed
  No education /Primary school 8 (28.6) 46 (44.2)
  Secondary school 19 (67.9) 52 (50.0)
  Vocational /Tertiary 1 (3.6) 6 (5.8) 0.243
Employment status
  Working full time /Part time 1 (3.6) 21 (19.6)
   Unemployed /Looking for a job 13 (46.4) 61 (57.0)
  Retired /Other 14 (50.0) 25 (23.4) 0.009
Religion
  Christian 24 (85.7) 86 (80.4)
  Traditional /No religion /Other 4 (14.3) 21 (19.6) 0.517
Form of TM
   Tea 3 (11.1) 33 (33.3)
  Powder 1 (3.7) 13 (13.1)
   Tea and other mixture 17 (63.0) 14 (42.4)
   Other 6 (22.2) 11 (11.1) 0.027
Frequency of use
   1-3 times per day 13 (48.1) 28 (27.5)
   1-3 times per week 0 (0.0) 14 (13.7)
  Occasionally 14 (51.9) 60 (58.8) 0.034
Prescriber of TM
   Traditional Healer / Spiritualist /Diviner 3 (13.6) 34 (34.7)
   Family Member / Friend / Self-administered 15 (68.2) 39 (39.8)
  Different prescribers 4 (18.2) 25 (25.5) 0.045
Length of time using TM
  <= 1year 3 (10.7) 10 (9.9)
  > 1year 3 (10.7) 20 (19.8)
  Several years ago 20 (71.4) 58 (57.4)
  Unsure 2 (7.1) 13 (12.9) 0.501

*Respondents who used TM for hypertension may also have used TM for other conditions as well. These respondents are represented in the 'Hypertension' column.

Hughes et al.

Hughes et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 13:38   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-38

Open Data