Table 3

Expectations for medical and chiropractic treatment of low back pain
MD clinic (n = 8) DC clinic (n = 6) Senior center (n = 12) Senior housing (n = 22)
Medical treatments for LBP M M D1 D C C C H H H
1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3
Pain relief expected
Prescription medicine suggested
X-ray or diagnostic tests performed
Self-care/exercise recommendations
Referral to specialist or pain clinic
Surgery or injection recommendation
Referral to doctor of chiropractic
Chiropractic treatments for LBP M M D D C C C H H H
1 2 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3
Pain relief expected
Hands-on treatment/adjustment given
Treatment of the cause of LBP problem
Loosen up joints/maintain mobility
Other modalities (TENS, instruments)
X-ray or diagnostic tests performed
Chiropractic maintenance care helps
Adjustment provides short-term relief
Treatment approaches vary by DC
Referral to medical doctor
Self-care/exercise recommendations

MD = Medical Doctor.

DC = Doctor of Chiropractic.

LBP = Low back pain.

M# = Medical clinic focus group 1 or 2.

D# = Chiropractic clinic focus group 1 or 2.

C# = Senior center focus group 1, 2 or 3.

H# = Senior housing focus group 1, 2 or 3.

TENS = Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

Lyons et al.

Lyons et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 13:225   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-225

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