Hydrotherapy as a recovery strategy after exercise: a pragmatic controlled trial
1 School of Clinical Science, Faculty of Health Science, Queensland University Technology, Brisbane, Australia
2 Department of Physical Therapy, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
3 Sport Spa Club Yo10-Granada, Granada, Spain
4 Department of Physical Therapy, Universidad de Almeria, Almeria, Spain
5 Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013, 13:180 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-180Published: 18 July 2013
Our aim was to evaluate the recovery effects of hydrotherapy after aerobic exercise in cardiovascular, performance and perceived fatigue.
A pragmatic controlled repeated measures; single-blind trial was conducted. Thirty-four recreational sportspeople visited a Sport-Centre and were assigned to a Hydrotherapy group (experimental) or rest in a bed (control) after completing a spinning session. Main outcomes measures including blood pressure, heart rate, handgrip strength, vertical jump, self-perceived fatigue, and body temperature were assessed at baseline, immediately post-exercise and post-recovery. The hypothesis of interest was the session*time interaction.
The analysis revealed significant session*time interactions for diastolic blood pressure (P=0.031), heart rate (P=0.041), self perceived fatigue (P=0.046), and body temperature (P=0.001); but not for vertical jump (P=0.437), handgrip (P=0.845) or systolic blood pressure (P=0.266). Post-hoc analysis revealed that hydrotherapy resulted in recovered heart rate and diastolic blood pressure similar to baseline values after the spinning session. Further, hydrotherapy resulted in decreased self-perceived fatigue after the spinning session.
Our results support that hydrotherapy is an adequate strategy to facilitate cardiovascular recovers and perceived fatigue, but not strength, after spinning exercise.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01765387