|Association between race and using treatment approaches among participants with radiographic-confirmed knee osteoarthritis (N = 2583)|
|Treatment Use||African Americans||Caucasian Americans||Crude||Sociodemographic Characteristics Adjusted†||Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Adjusted‡|
|(n = 508)||(n = 2075)|
|percentage||Odds ratios of African Americans relative to Caucasian Americans (95% confidence intervals)|
|Conventional Medication Only||24.8||14.6||1.89||1.57||0.96|
|Neither||33.7||37.5||Reference group of outcome variable|
† Adjusted sociodemographics include age, gender, education, income, marital status and medication insurance coverage.
‡ Besides sociodemographic variables, full model also adjusted KOOS Pain and Quality of Life subscales, Kellgren-Lawrence Grade, history of knee injury or surgery, symptom-related multi-joint osteoarthritis, SF-12 mental health scale, SF-12 physical health scale and obesity status.
Yang et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:86 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-86