Table 2

Internal consistency (Cronbach’s coefficient α) total and within each pattern and mean scores for each item of patterns
Pattern Symptoms and Signs Alpha if item deleted Qi deficiency Dampness-phlegm Yin deficiency Fire-heat
Total α = 0.700
Qi deficiency α = 0.674
  Drowsiness, likes to lie down 0.696 1.18 (0.97) 0.99 (0.75) 1.03 (0.84) 0.93 (0.75)
  Feels powerless and lazy 0.693 1.85 (0.73) 1.46 (0.6) 1.61 (0.65) 1.38 (0.59)
  Looks powerless and lazy 0.693 1.94 (0.66) 1.44 (0.57) 1.62 (0.61) 1.35 (0.53)
  Pale complexion 0.694 1 (1.05) 0.29 (0.61) 0.39 (0.7) 0.26 (0.54)
  Reluctance to speak 0.690 1.58 (0.68) 1.25 (0.5) 1.34 (0.59) 1.21 (0.5)
  Pale tongue 0.694 0.81 (1.02) 0.74 (0.96) 0.43 (0.78) 0.4 (0.75)
  Teeth-marked tongue 0.695 0.54 (0.88) 0.5 (0.8) 0.37 (0.66) 0.38 (0.67)
  Slow pulse 0.694 0.77 (0.98) 0.54 (0.82) 0.45 (0.71) 0.37 (0.67)
  Weak pulse 0.694 1.35 (1.04) 0.6 (0.87) 0.92 (0.97) 0.44 (0.74)
  Fine pulse 0.702 1.42 (0.6) 1.08 (0.36) 1.38 (0.57) 1.06 (0.35)
  Reversed cold in the extremities 0.697 1.11 (0.57) 1.02 (0.47) 1.05 (0.49) 1 (0.39)
Dampness-phlegm α = 0.424
  Sallow complexion 0.705 0.58 (0.88) 1.2 (0.94) 0.6 (0.84) 0.45 (0.75)
  Dark inferior palpebral 0.705 1.17 (0.39) 1.22 (0.43) 1.14 (0.4) 1.11 (0.37)
  Dizziness with nausea 0.688 1.12 (0.42) 1.19 (0.5) 1.16 (0.47) 1.13 (0.44)
  White fur on tongue 0.703 1.28 (1) 1.36 (0.99) 0.92 (0.98) 0.91 (1.02)
  Enlarged tongue 0.691 0.41 (0.76) 0.56 (0.83) 0.39 (0.67) 0.42 (0.72)
  Slippery pulse 0.706 1.2 (0.51) 1.75 (0.55) 1.24 (0.5) 1.4 (0.58)
  Heavy 0.693 0.34 (0.72) 0.82 (1.02) 0.44 (0.74) 0.62 (0.91)
Yin deficiency α = 0.525
  Pale face and red zygomatic-site 0.686 0.19 (0.52) 0.25 (0.58) 0.8 (0.95) 0.34 (0.69)
  Dry mouth 0.690 1.54 (0.67) 1.45 (0.61) 1.78 (0.72) 1.6 (0.73)
  Dry fur on tongue 0.689 0.47 (0.77) 0.56 (0.76) 0.99 (1.01) 0.84 (0.95)
  Bare and red tongue like a mirror 0.683 0.16 (0.46) 0.17 (0.4) 0.49 (0.83) 0.25 (0.51)
  Night sweating 0.696 1.17 (0.46) 1.16 (0.43) 1.3 (0.56) 1.21 (0.48)
  Tidal fever 0.696 1.05 (0.31) 1.05 (0.28) 1.19 (0.47) 1.1 (0.4)
  Thin 0.690 0.37 (0.77) 0.28 (0.59) 0.66 (0.96) 0.48 (0.79)
Fire-heat α = 0.599
  Vexation and insomnia 0.689 0.42 (0.65) 0.47 (0.69) 0.65 (0.84) 0.66 (0.88)
  Reddened complexion 0.700 0.31 (0.7) 0.48 (0.82) 0.6 (0.91) 1.43 (1.02)
  Headache like flush 0.696 0.33 (0.56) 0.28 (0.51) 0.33 (0.58) 0.33 (0.61)
  Blood-shot eyes 0.713 1.6 (0.6) 1.49 (0.55) 1.5 (0.56) 1.54 (0.6)
  Wheezing in the throat with sputum 0.715 1.08 (0.54) 1.17 (0.64) 1.08 (0.63) 1.14 (0.64)
  Aphtha or tongue sore 0.694 0.94 (0.38) 0.94 (0.42) 1 (0.43) 1.03 (0.38)
  Fetid mouth odor 0.693 1.07 (0.5) 1.2 (0.56) 1.11 (0.54) 1.29 (0.63)
  Thirst 0.694 1.32 (0.59) 1.3 (0.55) 1.45 (0.66) 1.51 (0.73)
  Red tongue 0.694 0.43 (0.81) 0.5 (0.82) 1.08 (1.04) 1.09 (1.05)
  Yellow fur 0.694 0.45 (0.83) 0.7 (0.94) 0.66 (0.89) 1.07 (1.07)
  Thick fur 0.691 0.68 (0.95) 1.15 (1.01) 0.72 (0.87) 1.22 (1.05)
  Heat vexation in the chest 0.683 0.46 (0.7) 0.43 (0.68) 0.62 (0.82) 0.59 (0.87)
  Turbid urine 0.695 1.15 (0.6) 1.05 (0.66) 1.2 (0.58) 1.13 (0.7)
  Rapid pulse 0.694 0.48 (0.81) 0.76 (0.94) 1 (1.04) 1.05 (1.01)
  Strong pulse 0.702 0.46 (0.8) 0.96 (0.98) 0.68 (0.91) 1.43 (1)
  Surging pulse 0.702 1 (0.24) 1.04 (0.29) 1.01 (0.29) 1.19 (0.49)
  Heat vexation and aversion to heat 0.700 1.37 (0.6) 1.41 (0.58) 1.51 (0.66) 1.71 (0.73)
  Heat in the palms and soles 0.695 0.94 (0.39) 0.98 (0.45) 1.08 (0.53) 1.11 (0.49)
  Vexing heat in the extremities 0.695 0.94 (0.4) 0.99 (0.46) 0.98 (0.43) 1.1 (0.5)
Total 40.01 (7.97) 40.25(8.45) 41.93 (8.61) 42.23 (8.78)

Kang et al.

Kang et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:55   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-55

Open Data