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Open Access Correspondence

An investigation of multidisciplinary complex health care interventions – steps towards an integrative treatment model in the rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis

Lasse Skovgaard12*, Liv Bjerre1, Niels Haahr1, Charlotte Paterson4, Laila Launsø5, Finn Boesen3, Michael Nissen3, Mai-Britt Ottesen3, Christina Mortensen3, Anette Olsen3, Søren Borch1, Birthe K Mortensen1, Gudrun Aa Rasmussen1, Kirsten Sietam1, Frank Staalkjær1, Karin Pedersen1 and Kirsten Søndermark3

Author Affiliations

1 The Danish MS Society, Valby, Denmark

2 Department of Public Health Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

3 The Danish MS Hospital, Haslev, Denmark

4 Institute of Health Services Research, Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

5 The National Research Centre on Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM), University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway

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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:50  doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-50

Published: 23 April 2012

Abstract

Background

The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Society initiated a large-scale bridge building and integrative treatment project to take place from 2004–2010 at a specialized Multiple Sclerosis (MS) hospital. In this project, a team of five conventional health care practitioners and five alternative practitioners was set up to work together in developing and offering individualized treatments to 200 people with MS. The purpose of this paper is to present results from the six year treatment collaboration process regarding the development of an integrative treatment model.

Discussion

The collaborative work towards an integrative treatment model for people with MS, involved six steps: 1) Working with an initial model 2) Unfolding the different treatment philosophies 3) Discussing the elements of the Intervention-Mechanism-Context-Outcome-scheme (the IMCO-scheme) 4) Phrasing the common assumptions for an integrative MS program theory 5) Developing the integrative MS program theory 6) Building the integrative MS treatment model. The model includes important elements of the different treatment philosophies represented in the team and thereby describes a common understanding of the complexity of the courses of treatment.

Summary

An integrative team of practitioners has developed an integrative model for combined treatments of People with Multiple Sclerosis. The model unites different treatment philosophies and focuses on process-oriented factors and the strengthening of the patients’ resources and competences on a physical, an emotional and a cognitive level.

Keywords:
CAM; Multiple Sclerosis; Interdisciplinary health care; Program theory; Intervention theory; Integrated health care