Figure 1.

Schematic representation of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. Enzyme abbreviations: PAL, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase; C4H, cinnamate 4-hydroxylase; 4CL, 4-coumaroyl:CoA ligase; CHS, chalcone synthase; CHI, chalcone isomerase; F3H, flavanone 3-hydroxylase; DFR, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase; ANS, anthocyanidin synthase; UFGT, UDP glucose-flavonoid 3-O-glucosyl transferase [10].

Ghasemzadeh et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:229   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-229
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