Table 1

Characteristics of sample adults with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes: data from the 2002 and 2007 NHIS
Type 1 N=172* Type 2 N=3978*
% of adult sample (S.E.)† 0.32 (0.03) 6.83 (0.14)
% of individuals with diabetes (S.E.)† 4.5 (.4) 95.5 (.4)
Weighted sample 689,758 14,642,272
N* % S.E.‡ N* %† S.E.
Count of diabetes severity measures§
0-2 87 49.99 4.42 2835 76.66 0.84
>=3 84 50.01 4.79 945 23.34 0.84
DM Duration
1-< 5 years 10 5.04 2.26 1393 37.24 0.94
5-<10 years 12 6.72 2.13 856 23 0.95
>= 10 years 150 88.25 3.03 1610 39.77 1
Diabetes Medication use
None 0 0 580 16.08 0.76
Any use 172 100 3387 83.92 0.76
Functional limitation
No 125 76.47 3.87 3209 83.13 0.68
Yes 46 23.53 3.87 721 16.87 0.68
Weak or failing Kidneys
No 149 85.55 3.53 3690 93.25 0.5
Yes 23 14.45 3.53 279 6.75 0.5
Severe Vision Problem
No 118 69.47 4.43 3026 78.86 0.79
Yes 53 30.53 4.43 910 21.14 0.79
Gender
Male 73 44.15 4.49 1788 49.73 1.01
Female 99 55.85 4.49 2190 50.27 1.01
Age group
Age 18-44 yrs 95 57.82 4.73 473 12.68 0.7
Age 45-64 yrs 56 32.05 4.42 1726 47 0.98
Age 65+ yrs 21 10.13 2.43 1779 40.32 0.9
Education
Less than high school 36 21.39 4.16 1228 27.24 0.86
At least high school 135 78.61 4.16 2695 72.76 0.89
Race/ethnicity
Non-Hispanic white 101 64.7 4.39 2255 65.26 0.99
Non-Hispanic black 32 15.67 3.38 822 15.69 0.68
Hispanic 30 14.85 3.07 687 12.48 0.62
Other races 9 4.78 1.75 214 6.56 0.61
Region of residence
Northeast 24 15.36 3.68 661 16.06 0.78
Midwest 44 25.14 3.9 868 23.35 1.02
South 69 40.82 4.71 1617 40.52 1.09
West 35 18.69 3.23 832 20.07 0.9
Health Insurance
Public Insurance 56 31.61 4.51 1429 30.17 0.9
Private Insurance 99 59.06 4.55 2172 60.21 1
No Insurance 16 9.33 2.81 366 9.62 0.62
Other health conditions||
0-2 139 83.49 139 2774 70.1 0.91
3 or more 33 16.51 33 1204 29.9 0.91
BMI Level
BMI 0 - < 25 63 37.24 4.64 687 16.01 0.67
BMI 25 - < 30 36 19.65 3.65 1251 31.96 0.94
BMI >= 30 73 43.11 4.73 2040 52.03 0.96
Hypertension
No 97 57.32 4.71 1614 42.6 0.98
Yes 75 42.68 4.71 2350 57.4 0.98
Coronary heart disease
No 154 89.57 2.69 3489 88.12 0.64
Yes 19 10.43 2.69 458 11.88 0.64
Smoking status
Current 30 20.42 4.25 618 16.23 0.76
Former smoker 34 18.09 3.2 1382 35.49 0.98
Never smoker 107 61.49 4.73 1953 48.28 0.99
Alcohol use
Never/none 56 30.21 4.27 1242 29.01 0.91
Any 115 69.97 4.27 2703 70.99 0.91
Anxiety or Depression
No 124 72.26 4.39 2900 73.58 0.88
Yes 48 27.74 4.39 1068 26.42 0.88
Vigorous leisure activity
Unable to do or none 110 66.54 4.56 2877 77.44 0.95
Any per week 50 33.46 4.56 742 22.55 0.95
Perceived health status
Fair/poor 84 53.14 4.61 1771 43.28 1
Exc/VG/Good 88 46.86 4.61 2204 56.72 1
Any CM Use to Treat or Manage Diabetes 13 7.06 2.27 141 3.43 0.37

* The unweighted number of participants belonging to each category.

† The denominator used in the calculation of percentages was the number of adults with type-2 Diabetes, defined as all participants with diabetes excluding those who were both diagnosed at age <25 and were currently being treated with insulin, who were classified as having type-1 diabetes. Estimates were age adjusted using the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population and using four age groups: 18–24 years, 25–44 years, 45–64 years, and 65 years and over.

‡ Standard Errors.

§ Based on the following six measures: 5 or more years since time of diagnosis, use of insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs, at least one functional limitation attributed to the diabetes, weak or failing kidneys, Coronary Heart Disease, and severe vision problems.

|| Includes all health conditions included in the NHIS except weak or failing kidney, severe vision problems, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and anxiety or depression.

¶ Excellent/Very Good/Good.

Nahin et al.

Nahin et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:193   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-193

Open Data