Table 2

The total phenolics and flavonoids content together with DPPH free radical scavenging activities of ethanol and water extracts of plant material, and the antioxidant activity against yeast oxidative stress
DPPH scavenging activity (μM Ascorbate equivalent / g)1 Total phenolics content (GAE mg/g)3 Total flavonoids content (QE mg/g)3
Name of the plants Water extracts Ethanol Extracs % inhibition of Yeast oxidation of water extracts2 Water extracts Ethanol extracts Water extracts Ethanol extracts
Acanthopanax senticosus 186.9 ± 0.71 99.93 ± 1.01 10.11 8.52 ± 3.00 3.89 ± 0.00 24.21 ± 0.98 14.37 ± 0.00
Actinidia arguta 183.4 ±1.41 104.21 ± 0 7.24 4.71 ± 0.55 15.26 ± 0.44 13.99 ± 0.98 62.85 ± 0.98
Akebia quinata 195.4 ±1.41 99.93 ± 4.04 14.76 7.09 ± 4.64 8.22 ± 0.44 16.66 ± 1.96 41.4 ± 5.87
Alpinae officinarum 201.9 ± 0.71 105.29 ± 0.51 0 11.78 ± 0.00 23.35 ± 3.14 26.81 ± 0.98 87.39 ± 0.98
Andrographis paniculata 171.4 ± 1.41 76.00 ± 4.55 13.33 5.09 ± 0.41 1.92 ± 1.03 8.94 ± 0.98 7.22 ± 1.96
Artemisia vulgaris 181.9 ±0.71 98.14 ± 1.52 5.32 24.91 ± 0.27 7.43 ± 1.44 79.68 ± 1 16.43 ± 3.91
Asparagus cochinchinensis 55.9 ± 12.02 5.64 ± 1.01 16.37 2.67 ± 0.96 0.91 ± 3.01 1.71 ± 0.98 1.08 ± 0.98
Aster tataricus 119.4 ± 2.83 49.93 ± 2.02 0 15.17 ± 0.27 6.95 ± 0.00 39.82 ± 0.98 22.79 ± 0.98
Corydalis yanhusuo 39.9 ± 0.71 42.43 ± 5.56 14.81 3.51 ± 1.36 1.28 ± 1.48 1.57 ± 0.96 2.11 ± 0.98
Curcuma zedoaria 158.9 ±0.71 108.14 ± 1.52 10.98 6.14 ± 0.55 7.38 ± 0 11.67 ± 0.98 25.38 ± 2.93
Cynanchum paniculatum 138.9 ±0.71 32.79 ± 1.01 6.13 6.31 ± 0 3.05 ± 0.89 3.3 ± 0 10.03 ± 0.00
Cyperus rotundus 114.9 ± 4.95 85.29 ± 2.53 5.06 3.46 ± 0.82 1.89 ± 0.44 5.01 ± 0.98 17.97 ± 0.98
Ducheshea indica 202.4 ± 1.41 102.07 ± 4.04 2.34 28.62 ± 0.68 11.8 ± 0.44 22.31 ± 4.89 15.25 ± 1.96
Hedyotis diffusa 160.9 ± 6.36 42.79 ± 2.02 8.54 5.17 ± 0.27 2.25 ± 0.00 7.37 ± 1.96 8.5 ± 0.98
Leonurus japonicus 159.9 ± 0.71 41.36 ± 4.04 1.93 6.46 ± 0.82 0.84 ± 2.66 8.22 ± 1.96 5.39 ± 1.96
Ligustrum lucidum 194.9 ±0.71 107.79 ± 0 12.02 29.1 ± 3.28 19 ± 0.78 108.42 ± 1.96 24.88 ± 0.98
Lobelia chinensis 101.4 ±0 12.79 ± 2.02 −1.94 4.59 ± 0.14 2.74 ± 0.44 2.79 ± 0.98 8.92 ± 3.91
Lysinachia christinae 193.9 ± 3.54 66.00 ± 0.51 0 4.24 ± 0.55 3.91 ± 0.30 2.63 ± 1.96 10.29 ± 0.00
Paeonia lactiflora 172.9 ± 3.54 113.14 ± 0.51 16.46 7.65 ± 0.41 6.3 ± 0.44 3.39 ± 1.96 6.42 ± 0.98
Paeonia suffuticosa 200.4 ± 0.00 111.71 ± 0.51 15.16 19.96 ± 1.09 19.74 ± 0.39 25.85 ± 1.96 31.40 ± 2.93
Paris polyphylla 19.9 ± 2.12 45.29 ± 1.52 0 1.23 ± 1.36 1.01 ± 3.69 0.72 ± 1.96 2.60 ± 1.96
Platycodon grandiflorus 30.9 ± 3.54 14.93 ± 4.04 21.77 4.58 ± 1.50 0.79 ± 0.26 2.93 ± 2.93 1.52 ± 0.96
Plantago asiatica 184.4 ±9.9 49.93 ± 1.01 19.77 6.7 ± 0.96 0.82 ± 0.39 15.57 ± 3.91 3.32 ± 1.96
Pleione bulbocadioides 27.4 ± 7.07 85.64 ± 1.01 0 1.62 ± 0.27 1.05 ± 2.51 2.09 ± 0.98 1.73 ± 0.98
Ploygala tenuifolia 109.4 ± 2.83 53.14 ± 2.53 3.23 12.01 ± 0.00 12.15 ± 0.44 9.3 ± 3.91 37.55 ± 3.91
Polygonum aviculare 201.4 ±2.83 88.86 ± 1.52 3.67 5.9 ± 0.82 11.72 ± 0.15 9.15 ± 0.00 14.15 ± 0.00
Poria cocos 28.9 ±3.54 109.57 ± 0.51 12.11 0.45 ± 0 1.43 ± 3.53 0 0.68 ± 0.98
Pogostemon cablin 103.4 ± 4.24 26.00 ± 1.52 12.07 4.23 ± 0.68 1.88 ± 0.13 5.54 ± 0.98 4.08 ± 0.98
Prunella vulgaris 106.9 ±20.51 106.36 ± 0.00 0 16.02 ± 0.27 1.66 ± 0.74 20.27 ± 3.91 15.62 ± 1.96
Pseudostellaria heterophylla 20.9 ±12.02 32.43 ± 4.55 36.13 1.74 ± 0.82 1.58 ± 1.83 0.59 ± 0.00 1.94 ± 0.98
Rabdosia rubescens 144.4 ± 2.83 13.50 ± 4.04 8.63 17.47 ± 0.55 2.41 ± 2.96 40.66 ± 1.96 8.35 ± 2.93
Rehmannia glutinosa 34.4 ± 0.00 20.29 ± 0.51 17.94 5.99 ± 1.23 0.88 ± 0.13 6.12 ± 0.98 2.07 ± 1.96
Salvia miltiorrhiza 202.4 ± 4.24 104.93 ± 0.00 12.72 66.27 ± 0.14 4.97 ± 0.15 133.93 ± 0.98 27.05 ± 2.93
Sanguisorba officinalis 191.9 ±0.71 64.21 ± 2.02 −5.47 148.09 ± 2.46 121.42 ± 0.78 129.53 ± 0.98 213.23 ± 0
Schizandra chinensis 73.9 ± 3.54 33.86 ± 1.52 4.8 7.95 ± 2.73 11.91 ± 0.15 11.36 ± 7.82 31.3 ± 1.96
Scutellaria barbata 188.4 ±1.41 93.5 ± 1.01 10.11 14.97 ± 2.73 9.26 ± 0.15 67.41 ± 3.91 20.62 ± 0.98
Semen coicis −100.1 ± 0.71 11.00 ± 3.54 12.37 0.34 ± 2.32 1.39 ± 0.65 0.83 ± 1.96 16.05 ± 2.93
Smilax glabra 135.9 ± 2.12 109.21 ± 0.00 5.84 6.19 ± 2.73 12.62 ± 0.89 45.28 ± 1.96 45.95 ± 4.89
Solanum nigrum 190.4 ±0 50.64 ± 3.03 5.17 4.2 ± 0.27 2.98 ± 2.48 6.43 ± 0.98 4.41 ± 4.89
Solanum lyratum 192.4 ±1.41 47.07 ± 1.01 1.03 3.63 ± 0.41 2.55 ± 1.77 2.62 ± 2.93 5.18 ± 0.98
Spatholobus suberectus 184.4 ±0 98.14 ± 2.53 10.63 24.11 ± 0.96 34.02 ± 4.05 165.16 ± 1.96 69.19 ± 0.00
Tussilago farfara 198.9 ± 0.71 113.5 ± 0.00 20.9 25.72 ± 2.87 9.68 ± 0.15 65.17 ± 0.98 41.67 ± 0.98
Uncaria rhyncophylla 181.4 ± 2.83 98.50 ± 1.01 13.24 32.38 ± 0.55 6.75 ± 0.30 58.91 ± 0.00 22.13 ± 1.96
Viscum coloratum 129.9 ±12.02 57.07 ± 0.00 23.69 3.34 ± 3.00 9.06 ± 0.00 3.07 ± 0.98 28.58 ± 3.91

1DPPH free radical scavenging activity was measured in terms of equivalent of ascorbate (μM).

2Yeast oxidative stress was measured on the basis of survival of yeast cells (yeast growth) after treatment with H2O2.

3Total phenolics and flavonoid contents were expressed in gallic acid equivalent (GAE mg/g) and quercetin equivalent (QE mg/g) respectively.

Ravipati et al.

Ravipati et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:173   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-173

Open Data