Table 4

Frequencies of used CAM treatments

Headache (n = 353)

LBP (n = 177)

p value


Pharmacological CAM

High-dose megavitamins; n (%)

32 (9.1)

40 (22.7)

< .001

Herbal medicine; n (%)

24 (6.8)

23 (13.1)

n.s.

Homeopathy; n (%)

100 (28.3)

21 (11.9)

< .001

Non-pharmacological CAM

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS); n (%)

81 (22.9)

28 (15.8)

n.s.

Thermotherapy (Fango); n (%)

103 (29.2)

137 (77.4)

< .001

Acupuncture; n (%)

252 (71.4)

91 (51.4)

< .001

Manual Therapy; n (%)b

66 (18.7)

80 (45.2)

< .001

Massages; n (%)

199 (56.4)

111 (62.7)

n.s.

Magnetic field; n (%)

0

29 (16.4)

< .001

Kinesio-taping; n (%)

a

10 (5.6)

Osteopathy; n (%)

a

10 (5.6)

Traditional Chinese medicine; n (%)

41 (11.6)

15 (8.5)

n.s.

Othersb

46 (13)

31 (17.5)

n.s.


a not applicable

b (e.g. diets, music therapy, oxygen therapy, psychofonia, meditation, climate therapy); n (%)

Gaul et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011 11:89   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-89

Open Data