Association of physical exercise and calcium intake with bone mass measured by quantitative ultrasound
1 Laboratory for Research of the Musculoskeletal System, University of Athens, Kifissia, Greece
2 Rehabilitation Department, Rhodes General Hospital, Rhodes, Greece
BMC Women's Health 2010, 10:12 doi:10.1186/1472-6874-10-12Published: 7 April 2010
Interventions other than medications in the management of osteoporosis are often overlooked. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity and calcium intake with bone parameters.
We measured the heel T-score and stiffness index (SI) in 1890 pre- and postmenopausal women by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and assessed physical activity and dietary calcium intake by questionnaire. Participants were divided according to their weekly physical activity (sedentary, moderately active, systematically active) and daily calcium consumption (greater than or less than 800 mg/day).
SI values were significantly different among premenopausal groups (p = 0.016) and between sedentary and systematically active postmenopausal women (p = 0.039). QUS T-scores in systematically active premenopausal women with daily calcium intake > 800 mg/day were significantly higher than those in all other activity groups (p < 0.05) independent of calcium consumption.
Systematic physical activity and adequate dietary calcium intake are indicated for women as a means to maximize bone status benefits.