Table 2

Frequency of all the different medical end-of-life decisions in France by patients’ characteristics (non-sudden deaths)
Life prolonging treatment Withholding treatment Withdrawing treatment Intensification of alleviation of symptoms Administration of a medication to deliberately hasten death No decision Total deaths
n % n % n % n % n % n % n
Gender
 Man 302 15.62 335 17.32 105 5.43 641 33.15 20 1.02 531 27.46 1934
 Woman 274 13.74 354 17.78 94 4.72 686 34.45 18 0.89 566 28.42 1991
p value 0.0865 0.7323 0.3214 0.4289 0.6790 0.5478
Age
 18-49 37 24.82 14 9.41 7 4.71 50 33.62 1 0.56 40 26.89 149
 50-69 139 19.79 74 10.52 43 6.11 268 38.08 11 1.63 168 23.87 704
 70-79 113 14.63 128 16.63 42 5.46 294 38.20 7 0.90 186 24.17 770
 80-89 204 13.05 309 19.79 79 5.06 486 31.13 16 1.04 467 29.92 1561
 90+ 83 11.30 163 22.07 29 3.93 227 30.74 2 0.27 234 31.69 738
p value <0.0001 <0.0001 0.4066 0.0003 0.1118 0.0008
Place of death
 At home 104 15.60 100 14.96 22 3.29 150 22.44 9 1.37 283 42.34 668
 Public hospital 334 15.67 393 18.44 121 5.68 793 37.21 16 0.76 474 22.24 2131
 Private hospital 59 14.97 56 14.15 23 5.81 156 39.41 8 1.92 94 23.75 396
 Hospice, retirement home 66 9.95 132 19.83 33 4.96 207 31.10 3 0.51 224 33.65 666
 Public place, street or other 12 18.90 8 12.43 0 0.00 20 31.08 1 1.85 23 35.74 64
p value 0.0037 0.0124 0.0181 <0.0001 0.1017 <0.0001
Cause of death
 Cancer 69 5.57 171 13.76 50 4.02 643 51.73 21 1.68 289 23.25 1243
 Cardio-vascular disease 208 24.92 129 15.46 42 5.03 175 20.97 4 0.44 277 33.19 835
 Neurological disease 68 11.02 146 23.59 42 6.79 183 29.57 5 0.76 175 28.27 619
 Infectious disease 63 21.01 64 21.43 15 5.02 101 33.81 3 0.99 53 17.74 299
 Respiratory disease 45 17.29 76 29.37 11 4.25 61 23.57 3 1.17 63 24.35 259
 Digestive disease 42 25.77 27 16.53 7 4.29 47 28.78 1 0.75 39 23.88 163
 Mental or psychiatric disorder 7 5.57 24 19.85 10 8.27 38 31.43 1 0.97 41 33.91 121
 Other cause 64 19.28 45 13.55 21 6.33 64 19.28 0 0.00 138 41.57 332
 . 11 20.26 5 9.49 2 3.80 14 26.58 0 0.00 21 39.87 53
p value <0.0001 <0.0001 0.1918 <0.0001 (0.0728) <0.0001
Incurable disease
 Yes 235 9.63 434 17.79 120 4.92 982 40.25 29 1.17 640 26.23 2440
 No 303 23.09 224 17.06 72 5.48 319 24.29 9 0.68 386 29.39 1313
 . 38 21.92 31 17.78 7 4.05 26 14.82 0 0.00 72 41.43 173
p value <0.0001 0.5357 0.5044 <0.0001 0.2138 0.0231

All percentages are weighted for non-response, to ensure there are representative of the initial. The percentage cannot be derived from the absolute unweighted absolute numbers. The p values are obtained with a Fisher exact test. Due to some cells with small numbers, some assumptions of a chi2 test are complied with.

Pennec et al.

Pennec et al. BMC Palliative Care 2012 11:25   doi:10.1186/1472-684X-11-25

Open Data