Table 4

Dental utilization rates by chronic condition subgroups and across covariates
All children with a chronic condition
N = 25,993
Utilized any dental care in 2006 Utilized any diagnostic dental care in 2006 Utilized any preventive dental care in 2006 Utilized any routine restorative dental care in 2006 Utilized any complex restorative dental care in 2006
n = 15,147 (58.3) n = 14,221 (54.7) n = 12,874 (49.6) n = 4,877 (18.8) n = 2,356 (9.1)
n % n % n % n % n %
Main predictor variables (chronic condition subgroups)
Respiratory condition
 No 2,398 54.3* 2,188 49.6* 1,988 45.0* 759 17.2‡ 337 7.6*
 Yes 12,749 59.1 12,033 55.8 10,886 50.4 4,118 19.1 2,019 9.4
Ear/nose/throat chronic condition
 No 3,940 56.6‡ 3,629 52.1* 3,214 46.1* 1,315 18.9 532 7.6*
 Yes 11,207 58.9 10,592 55.7 9,660 50.8 3,562 18.7 1,824 9.6
Digestive condition
 No 8,473 57.4‡ 7,917 53.6* 7,204 48.8‡ 2,822 19.1 1,290 8.7‡
 Yes 6,674 59.4 6,304 56.1 5,670 50.5 2,055 18.3 1,066 9.5
Musculoskeletal condition
 No 8,384 56.8* 7,866 53.3* 7,225 49.0‡ 2,655 18.0* 1,319 8.9
 Yes 6,763 60.2 6,355 56.6 5,649 50.3 2,222 19.8 1,037 9.2
Endocrine condition
 No 11,921 58.4 11,180 54.7 10,157 49.7 4,021 19.7* 1,870 9.2
 Yes 3,226 58.0 3,041 54.7 2,717 48.8 856 15.4 486 8.7
Cardiovascular condition
 No 13,597 58.3 12,754 54.6 11,593 49.7 4,402 18.9 2,098 9.0
 Yes 1,550 58.4 1,467 55.3 1,281 48.3 475 17.9 258 9.7
Hematologic condition
 No 14,143 58.1 13,278 54.6 12,018 49.4 4,579 18.8 2,224 9.1
 Yes 1,004 60.1 943 56.5 856 51.3 298 17.9 132 7.9
Catastrophic neurological condition
 No 14,865 58.6* 13,970 55.1* 12,635 49.8* 4,829 19.0* 2,303 9.1
 Yes 282 44.3 251 39.4 239 37.5 48 7.5 54 8.5
Cranofacial condition
 No 14,869 58.3 13,964 54.7 12,635 49.6 4,814 18.9‡ 2,319 9.1
 Yes 278 58.4 257 54.0 239 46.4 63 13.2 37 7.8
Diabetes
 No 14,952 58.3 14,039 54.8 12,709 49.6 4,820 18.8 2,335 9.1‡
 Yes 195 55.6 182 51.9 165 47.0 57 16.2 21
Ascribed factors
Age (years)
 3–7 5,621 58.3* 5,357 55.5* 5,056 52.4* 1,675 17.4* 985 10.2*
 8–12 6,719 59.3 6,279 55.5 5,897 52.1 2,113 18.7 1,103 9.7
 13–14 2,807 55.8 2,585 51.4 1,921 38.2 1,089 21 268 5.3
Sex
 Female 6,256 60.0* 5,890 56.5* 5,287 50.7‡ 1,998 19.1 951 9.1
 Male 8,891 57.1 8,331 53.5 7,587 48.8 2,879 18.5 1,405 9.0
Race/ethnicity
 White 10,855 59.5* 10,186 55.8* 9,156 50.2* 3,559 19.5* 1,716 9.4*
 Black 1,232 51.9 1,179 49.7 1,069 45.1 380 16.0 152 6.4
 Other 1,127 58.0 1,061 54.6 996 51.2 382 19.7 193 9.9
Missing/Unknown 1,933 56.5 1,795 52.5 1,653 48.3 556 16.2 295 8.6
Chronic condition severity
 Episodic 10,521 58.4* 9,886 54.8* 8,988 49.9* 3,537 19.6* 1,629 9.0
 Life-Long 4,305 58.8 4,045 55.2 3,619 49.4 1,269 17.3 670 9.1
 Malignancy 52 61.2 48 56.5 42 49.4 20 23.5 13 15.3
 Catastrophic 269 48.1 242 43.3 225 40.3 51 9.1 44 7.9
Proximal factors
Child used preventive medical care in 2005
 No 1,458 50.1* 1,346 46.2* 1,231 43.3* 488 16.8† 245 8.4
 Yes 13,689 59.3 12,875 55.8 11,643 50.4 4,389 19.0 2,111 9.1
Immediate factors
Child had at least one Medicaid-enrolled sibling
 No 4,898 57.3‡ 4,588 53.7‡ 4,102 48.0‡ 1,399 16.4* 713 8.3†
 Yes 10,249 58.7 9,633 55.2 8,772 50.3 3,478 19.9 1,643 9.4
Child had at least one Medicaid-enrolled adult
 No 6,808 58.9 6,313 54.6 5,772 49.9 2,036 17.6* 956 8.3*
 Yes 8,339 57.8 7,908 54.8 7,102 49.2 2,841 19.7 1,400 9.7
Immediate factor
Rurality
 Metropolitan 8,499 59.2† 7,990 55.7† 7,395 51.5* 2,722 19.0 1,346 9.4
 Urban adjacent to metropolitan 2,855 57.4 2,670 53.6 2,371 47.6 890 17.9 433 8.7
 Urban non-adjacent to metropolitan 2,962 56.6 2,781 53.1 2,435 46.5 973 18.6 454 8.7
 Rural 831 58.3 780 54.7 673 47.2 292 20.5 123 8.6
Distal factor
Child lived in a dental Health Professional Shortage Area
 No 5,297 59.6† 4,932 55.5 4,482 50.5‡ 1,662 18.7 812 9.1
 Yes 9,850 57.6 9,289 54.3 8,392 49.0 3,215 18.8 1,544 9.0

Pearson Chi Square test to evaluate bivariate relationship between each chronic condition and outcome measure.

* p < .0001.

† p < .01.

‡ p < .05.

Chi and Raklios

Chi and Raklios BMC Oral Health 2012 12:28   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-28

Open Data