Table 2

Medicaid-enrolled children (N = 25,993) by chronic condition subgroup
Cardiovascular condition subgroup Hematologic condition subgroup Catastrophic neurological condition subgroup Craniofacial condition subgroup Diabetes subgroup
No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes
n = 23,340 n = 2,653 n = 24,325 n = 1,668 n = 25,356 n = 637 n = 25,517 n = 476 n = 25,642 n = 351
(89.8) (10.2) (93.6) (6.4) (97.5) (2.5) (98.2) (1.8) (98.6) (1.4)
Ascribed factors
Age (years)
3-7 8,651 (37.1) 993 (37.4)* 8,719 (35.8) 925 (55.5)* 9,388 (37.0) 256 (40.2) 9,383 (36.8) 261 (54.8)* 9.545 (37.2) 99 (28.2)*
8-12 10,262 (44.0) 1,059 (39.9) 10,829 (44.5) 492 (29.5) 11,069 (43.7) 252 (39.6) 11,172 (43.8) 149 (31.3) 11,174 (43.6) 147 (41.9)
13-14 4,427 (19.0) 601 (22.7) 4,777 (19.6) 251 (15.0) 4,899 (19.3) 129 (20.3) 4,962 (19.4) 66 (13.9) 4,923 (19.2) 105 (29.9)
Sex
Female 9,353 (40.1) 1,081 (40.7) 9,757 (40.1) 677 (40.6) 10,158 (40.1) 276 (43.3) 10,250 (40.2) 184 (38.7) 10,264 (40.0) 170 (48.4)‡
Race/ethnicity
White 16,393 (70.2) 1,862 (70.2) 17,191 (70.7) 1,064 (63.8)* 17,790 (70.2) 465 (73.0)* 17,928 (70.3) 327 (68.7)* 18,002 (70.2) 253 (72.1)
Black 2,133 (9.1) 239 (9.0) 2,181 (9.0) 191 (11.5) 2,356 (9.3) 16 (2.5) 2,347 (9.2) 25 (5.3) 2,338 (9.1) 34 (9.7)
Other 1,724 (7.4) 220 (8.3) 1,783 (7.3) 161 (9.7) 1,913 (7.5) 31 (4.9) 1,913 (7.5) 31 (6.5) 1,924 (7.5) 20 (5.7)
Missing/Unknown 3,090 (13.2) 332 (12.5) 3,170 (13.0) 252 (15.1) 3,297 (13.0) 125 (19.6) 3,329 (13.0) 93 (19.5) 3,378 (13.2) 44 (12.5)
Chronic condition severity
Episodic 16,720 (71.6) 1,305 (49.2)* 17,052 (70.1) 973 (58.3)* 17,981 (70.9) 44 (6.9)* 17,810 (69.8) 215 (45.2)* 17,957 (70.0) 68 (19.4)*
Life-Long 6,124 (26.2) 1,200 (45.2) 6,728 (27.7) 596 (35.7) 7,180 (28.3) 144 (22.6) 7,082 (27.8) 242 (50.8) 7,066 (27.6) 258 (73.5)
Malignancy 58 (0.2) 27 (1.0) 48 (0.2) 37 (2.2) 84 (0.3) 1 (0.2) 85 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 83 (0.3) 2 (0.6)
Catastrophic 438 (1.9) 121 (4.6) 497 (2.0) 62 (3.7) 111 (0.4) 448 (70.3) 540 (2.1) 19 (4.0) 536 (2.1) 23 (6.6)
Proximal factors
Child used preventive medical care in 2005 20,602 (88.3) 2,478 (93.4)* 21,480 (88.3) 1,600 (95.9)* 22,471 (88.6) 609 (95.6)* 22,631 (88.7) 449 (94.3)* 22,751 (88.7) 329 (93.7)‡
Immediate factors
Child had at least one Medicaid-enrolled sibling 15,857 (67.9) 1,592 (60.0)* 16,401 (67.4) 1,048 (62.8)* 17,326 (68.3) 123 (19.3)* 17,200 (67.4) 249 (52.3)* 17,214 (67.1) 235 (67.0)
Child had at least one Medicaid-enrolled adult 13,016 (55.8) 1,420 (53.5) ‡ 13,457 (55.3) 979 (58.7)† 14,330 (56.5) 106 (16.6)* 14,228 (55.8) 208 (43.7)* 14,235 (55.5) 201 (57.3)
Immediate factor
Rurality
Metropolitan 12,871 (55.1) 1,482 (55.9) 13,431 (55.2) 922 (55.3) 13,962 (55.1) 391 (61.4)‡ 14,095 (55.2) 258 (54.2) 14,170 (55.3) 183 (52.1)
Urban adjacent to metropolitan 4,486 (19.2) 492 (18.5) 4,673 (19.2) 305 (18.3) 4,873 (19.2) 105 (16.5) 4,891 (19.2) 87 (18.3) 4,898 (19.1) 80 (22.8)
Urban non-adjacent to metropolitan 4,707 (20.2) 530 (20.0) 4,901 (20.1) 336 (20.1) 5,122 (20.2) 115 (18.1) 5,134 (20.1) 103 (21.6) 5,171 (20.2) 66 (18.8)
Rural 1,276 (5.5) 149 (5.6) 1,320 (5.4) 105 (6.3) 1,399 (5.5) 26 (4.1) 1,397 (5.5) 28 (5.9) 1,403 (5.5) 22 (6.3)
Distal factor
Child lived in a dental Health Professional Shortage Area 15,351 (65.8) 1,759 (66.3) 16,023 (65.9) 1,087 (65.2) 16,768 (66.1) 342 (53.7)* 16,809 (65.9) 301 (63.2) 16,879 (65.8) 231 (65.8)

Pearson Chi Square test to evaluate bivariate relationship between model covariates and each chronic condition.

* p < .0001.

† p < .01.

‡ p < .05.

Chi and Raklios

Chi and Raklios BMC Oral Health 2012 12:28   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-28

Open Data