Table 1

Medicaid-enrolled children (N = 25,993) by chronic condition subgroup

All children with a chronic condition

N = 25,993

Respiratory condition subgroup Ear/nose/throat condition subgroup Digestive condition subgroup Musculoskeletal condition subgroup Endocrine condition subgroup
No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes
n = 4,415 n = 21,578 n = 6,965 n = 19,028 n = 14,759 n = 11,234 n = 14,757 n = 11,236 n = 20,429 n = 5,564
(17.0) (83.0) (26.8) (73.2) (56.8) (43.2) (56.8) (43.2) (78.6) (21.4)
Ascribed factors
Age (years)
3-7 9,644 (37.1) 732 (16.6) 8,912 (41.3)* 413 (5.9) 9,231 (48.5)* 4,655 (31.5) 4,989 (44.4)* 6,060 (41.1) 3,584 (31.9)* 7,075 (34.6) 2,569 (46.2)*
8-12 11,321 (43.6) 2,452 (55.5) 8,869 (41.1) 4,305 (61.8) 7,016 (36.9) 6,982 (47.2) 4,339 (38.6) 6,542 (44.3) 4,779 (42.5) 9.248 (45.3) 2,073 (37.3)
13-14 5,028 (19.3) 1,231 (27.9) 3,797 (17.6) 2,247 (32.3) 2,781 (14.6) 3,122 (21.2) 1,906 (17.0) 2,155 (14.6) 2,873 (25.6) 4,106 (20.1) 922 (16.6)
Sex
Female 10,434 (40.1) 1,461 (33.1) 8,973 (41.6)* 2,502 (35.9) 7,932 (41.7)* 5,604 (38.0) 4,830 (43.0)* 5,627 (38.1) 4,807 (42.8)* 8,102 (39.7) 2,332 (41.9) †
Race/ethnicity
White 18,255 (70.2) 2,998 (67.9) 15,257 (70.7)* 4,892 (70.2) 13,363 (70.2)* 10,278 (69.6) 7,977 (71.0)* 9,916 (67.2) 8,336 (74.2)* 14,373 (70.4) 3,882 (69.8)*
Black 2,372 (9.1) 428 (9.7) 1,944 (9.0) 769 (11.0) 1,603 (8.4) 1,438 (9.7) 934 (8.3) 1,543 (10.5) 829 (7.4) 1,944 (9.5) 428 (7.7)
Other 1,944 (7.5) 263 (6.0) 1,681 (7.8) 411 (5.9) 1,533 (8.1) 1,058 (7.2) 886 (7.9) 1,203 (8.2) 741 (6.6) 1,529 (7.5) 415 (7.5)
Missing/Unknown 3,422 (13.2) 726 (16.4) 2,696 (12.5) 893 (12.8) 2,529 (13.3) 1,985 (13.4) 1,437 (12.8) 2,092 (14.2) 1,330 (11.8) 2,583 (12.6) 839 (15.1)
Chronic condition severity
Episodic 18,025 (69.3) 2,936 (66.5) 15,089 (69.9)* 4,784 (68.7) 13,241 (69.6) 10,891 (73.8) 7,134 (63.5)* 10,706 (72.5) 7,319 (65.1)* 15,231 (74.6) 2,794 (50.2)*
Life-Long 7,324 (28.2) 1,352 (30.6) 5,972 (27.7) 2,020 (29.0) 5,304 (27.9) 3,672 (24.9) 3,652 (32.5) 3,881 (26.3) 3,443 (30.6) 4,896 (24.0) 2,428 (43.6)
Malignancy 85 (0.3) 18 (0.4) 67 (0.3) 16 (0.2) 69 (0.4) 27 (0.2) 58 (0.5) 41 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 36 (0.2) 49 (0.9)
Catastrophic 559 (2.2) 109 (2.5) 450 (2.1) 145 (2.1) 414 (2.2) 169 (1.1) 390 (3.5) 129 (0.9) 430 (3.8) 266 (1.3) 293 (5.3)
Proximal factors
Child used preventive medical care in 2005 23,080 (88.8) 3,317 (75.1) 19,763 (91.6)* 5,562 (79.9) 17,518 (92.1)* 12,583 (85.3) 10,497 (93.4)* 12,722 (86.2) 10,358 (92.2)* 17,875 (87.5) 5,205 (93.5)*
Child used any dental care in 2005 15,398 (59.2) 2,456 (55.6) 12,942 (60.0)* 4,039 (58.0) 11,359 (59.7) ‡ 8,605 (58.3) 6,793 (60.5)* 8,449 (57.3) 6,949 (61.8)* 12,217 (59.8) 3,181 (57.2)*
Immediate factors
Child had at least one Medicaid- enrolled sibling 17,449 (67.1) 2,799 (63.4) 14,650 (67.9)* 4,625 (66.4) 12,824 (67.4) 10,287 (69.7) 7,162 (63.8)* 10,077 (68.3) 7,372 (65.6)* 14,286 (69.9) 3,163 (56.8)*
Child had at least one Medicaid- enrolled adult 14,436 (55.5) 1,841 (41.7) 12,595 (58.4)* 3,377 (48.5) 11,059 (58.1)* 7,879 (53.4) 6,557 (58.4)* 7,999 (54.2) 6,437 (57.3)* 11,604 (56.8) 2,832 (50.9)*
Immediate factor
Rurality
Metropolitan 14,353 (55.2) 2,653 (60.1) 11,700 (54.2)* 4,071 (58.4) 10,282 (54.0)* 8,261 (56.0) 6,092 (54.2) ‡ 8,391 (56.9) 5,962 (53.1)* 11,327 (55.4) 3,026 (54.4)
Urban adjacent to metropolitan 4,978 (19.2) 812 (18.4) 4,166 (19.3) 1,304 (18.7) 3,674 (19.3) 2,765 (18.7) 2,213 (19.7) 2,716 (18.4) 2,262 (20.1) 3,883 (19.0) 1,095 (19.7)
Urban non-adjacent to metropolitan 5,237 (20.1) 730 (16.5) 4,507 (20.9) 1,239 (17.8) 3,998 (21.0) 2,917 (19.8) 2,320 (20.7) 2,870 (19.4) 2,367 (21.1) 4,091 (20.0) 1,146 (20.6)
Rural 1,425 (5.5) 220 (5.0) 1,205 (5.6) 351 (5.0) 1,074 (5.6) 816 (5.5) 609 (5.4) 780 (5.3) 645 (5.7) 1,128 (5.5) 297 (5.3)
Distal factor
Child lived in a dental Health Professional Shortage Area 17,110 (65.8) 2,876 (65.1) 14,234 (66.0) 4,616 (66.3) 12,494 (65.7) 9,753 (66.1) 7,357 (65.5) 9,798 (66.4) 7,312 (65.1) ‡ 13,555 (66.4) 3,555 (63.9) †

Pearson Chi Square test to evaluate bivariate relationship between model covariates and each chronic condition.

* p < .0001.

† p < .01.

‡ p < .05.

Chi and Raklios

Chi and Raklios BMC Oral Health 2012 12:28   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-28

Open Data