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Open Access Research article

Prevalence of talon cusps in Jordanian permanent teeth: a radiographic study

Abed Al-Hadi M Hamasha1* and Rima A Safadi2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

2 Department of Oral Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

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BMC Oral Health 2010, 10:6  doi:10.1186/1472-6831-10-6

Published: 20 April 2010

Abstract

Background

The aim of the study is to investigate the prevalence of talon cusps in a sample of Jordanians dental patients and their distribution among different types of teeth.

Methods

The data were collected from radiographic examination of 3,024 periapical films showing 9,377 teeth from a random sample of 1,660 patients. A tooth was considered having talon cusp if there was a V-shape radiopaque structure superimposed the tooth structure.

Results

Talon cusps were detected in 52 teeth (tooth prevalence = 0.55%). Maxillary canines were the most commonly affected teeth (46% of cases), followed by maxillary lateral incisor teeth (39% of cases) and maxillary central incisors teeth (15% of cases). Teeth with talon cusps were found in 40 subjects (person prevalence = 2.4%). Bilateral talon cusps were seen in 12 patients.

Conclusions

Attention should be paid to the presence of talon cusp and the treatment problems associated with it.