Table 7

Details of medication costs by drug class and treatment phase (€)
Mono therapy Double therapy Triple therapy Insulin therapy Non diabetics
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
A-Alimentary tract and metabolism
  Insulin €4 (€37) €10 (€55) €12 (€63) €881 (€516) €3 (€54)
  Oral antidiabetic agents €129 (€114) €367 (€201) €647 (€244) €147 (€196) - -
  GLP-1 Analog €3 (€50) €13 (€121) €94 (€319) €32 (€185) - -
  Other alimentary tract and metabolism products €75 (€136) €64 (€111) €64 (€116) €121 (€174) €55 (€125)
B-Blood and blood forming organs
  Antithrombotic agents €61 (€154) €69 (€172) €61 (€170) €127 (€291) €34 (€120)
  Antihemorrhagics €0 (€1) €1 (€68) €0 (€0) €0 (€3) €0 (€55)
  Antianemic preparations €18 (€396) €18 (€287) €7 (€106) €46 (€670) €12 (€296)
  Blood substitutes and perfusion solutions €1 (€15) €0 (€2) €0 (€3) €1 (€7) €2 (€70)
C- Cardiovascular system
  Cardiac therapy €24 (€87) €20 (€72) €15 (€52) €43 (€120) €14 (€57)
  Antihypertensive €10 (€49) €13 (€55) €15 (€61) €19 (€65) €4 (€27)
  Diuretics €14 (€52) €12 (€37) €11 (€66) €24 (€77) €6 (€34)
  Beta-blocking agents €33 (€62) €33 (€60) €33 (€58) €43 (€76) €15 (€40)
  Calcium channel blockers €31 (€65) €33 (€66) €32 (€67) €40 (€72) €14 (€43)
  Agents acting of the renin-angiotensin system €152 (€147) €171 (€155) €196 (€160) €207 (€163) €61 (€105)
  Lipid modifying agents – Statins €127 (€162) €146 (€179) €177 (€185) €190 (€201) €52 (€113)
  Lipid modifying agents - Other €19 (€76) €19 (€81) €20 (€89) €24 (€109) €10 (€53)
  Other cardiovascular system drugs €4 (€23) €4 (€24) €5 (€30) €8 (€36) €2 (€17)
D-Dermatologicals €10 (€40) €11 (€43) €13 (€61) €18 (€61) €7 (€32)
G-Genito urinary system and sex hormone €15 (€65) €13 (€58) €12 (€51) €18 (€72) €14 (€52)
H-Systemic hormonal preparations, excl. sex hormones and insulins - - - - - - - - €8 (€192)
J-Antiinfectives for systemic use €39 (€419) €36 (€418) €19 (€39) €69 (€416) €38 (€492)
L-Antineoplastic and immunomodulating agents €70 (€881) €82 (€921) €27 (€233) €141 (€1371) €78 (€906)
M-Musculo-skeletal system €27 (€88) €25 (€63) €27 (€121) €24 (€56) €28 (€98)
N-Nervous system €0 (€0) €0 (€0) €0 (€0) €0 (€0) €0 (€0)
  Psychotropics €50 (€241) €42 (€183) €44 (€145) €82 (€246) €33 (€146)
  Other nervous system product €91 (€255) €92 (€269) €92 (€247) €181 (€430) €74 (€293)
P-Antiparasitic products, insecticides and repellents €0 (€5) €0 (€3) €1 (€6) €1 (€7) €0 (€0)
R-Respiratory system €58 (€223) €46 (€173) €46 (€179) €86 (€295) €43 (€188)
S-Sensory organs €38 (€279) €32 (€230) €24 (€118) €33 (€193) €29 (€275)
V-Various €9 (€139) €8 (€72) €5 (€17) €8 (€28) €9 (€255)
Total €1113 (€1,411) €1,381 (€1,435) €1,701 (€868) €2,615 (€2,089) €644 (---)

Guelfucci et al.

Guelfucci et al. BMC Endocrine Disorders 2013 13:15   doi:10.1186/1472-6823-13-15

Open Data