Table 2

Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among women and men according to cardiac risk factors and lifestyle in participants
Male Female
n % n %
Overweight (kg/m2) (n = 531)
BMI:<25 6/58 10.3 7/48 14.5
BMI : 25–29.9 17/70 10.0 23/95 24.2
BMI:≥30 25/52 48.0 65/208 31.2
p-value <0.001 <0.05
Abdominal obesity
(n = 531)
No 26/108 24.0 5/34 14.7
Yes 25/72 34.7 90/317 28.3
p-value <0.01 <0.05
Capillary Glycemia (mmol/L)
< 11 22/159 13.8 44/317 13.8
≥ 11.1 37/43 86.0 61/79 81.3
p-value <0.001 <0.001
Hypertension
Yes 36/91 39.5 80/220 36.3
No 22/111 26/176
p-value <0.01 19.8 <0.001 14.7
Physical activity
Yes 4/16 25.0 2/7 28.5
No 55/186 29.5 103/389 26.4
p-value 0.9 0.7
Dependency
Severe functional impairment 9/20 45.0 12/37 32.4
Moderate impairment 14/40 35.0 31/110 28.1
Full function 36/142 25.3 62/249 24.8
p-value 0.3 0.5
N° of hospital admission in preceding year
≥ 1 15/41 36.5 22/68 32.3
<1 43/161 26.7 83/328 25.3
p-value NS NS
Comorbidities
No 28/147 19.1 44/278 15.8
Yes 30/55 54.5 62/118 52.5
p-value <0.001 <0.001
N° of drugs
< 3 drugs 14/95 14.7 13/142 9.1
≥3 drugs 45/107 42.0 92/254 36.2
p-value <0.001 < 0.001

N°: number.

Hammami et al.

Hammami et al. BMC Endocrine Disorders 2012 12:15   doi:10.1186/1472-6823-12-15

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