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Open Access Case report

Internal jugular vein vascular malformation presenting as mass at root of neck: a case report

Prahlad Duggal1*, Pankaj Chaturvedi1, Prathamesh S Pai1, Deepa Nair1, SL Juvekar2 and Bharat Rekhi3

Author Affiliations

1 Head and Neck Services, Department of Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India

2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India

3 Department of Pathology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India

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BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 2009, 9:5  doi:10.1186/1472-6815-9-5

Published: 14 June 2009

Abstract

Background

We report a case of vascular malformation arising from internal jugular vein presenting as mass at root of neck with no clinical stigmata which to the best of our knowledge is the first reported case of an intrinsic vascular malformation arising from the internal jugular vein. Magnetic resonance imaging features of this new entity have been described.

Case presentation

A 27 year male presented with a gradually enlarging, asymptomatic swelling on left supraclavicular region with normal overlying skin. A soft mass, about 7 × 7 cm with restricted mobility was found with normal cranial nerve function. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed a hemorrhagic aspirate. Doppler showed a mass displacing left carotid artery posteriorly while left internal jugular vein was not visualized. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a well defined mass isointense to hypointense on T1 weighted and hyperintense on T2 weighted and STIR images with fluid-fluid levels. On exploration, a vascular mass arising from left internal jugular vein was found with good tissue planes, which was excised after ligating the patent internal jugular vein above and below the lesion. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of vascular malformation.

Conclusion

The diagnosis of intrinsic vascular malformation arising from internal jugular vein should be kept in differential while dealing with masses at root of neck and magnetic resonance imaging features may help in the pre-operative diagnosis of this entity.