Figure 3.

A domain of attraction in the adaptive behavior model without individual variation. The initial densities of the resource, IGprey and IGpredator are ( R*, N*QN, P*QP) where R*, N*, P* are the equilibrium densities of the resource, IGprey and IGpredator, respectively. QN and QP represent perturbation to the equilibrium densities of the IGprey and IGpredator such that QN = QP = 1 represents no perturbation. There are three outcomes. The community returns to the equilibrium (stable). The community does not return to the equilibrium but exhibit cycles and persist (cycle). The community does not persist (i.e., an exclusion will occur). K = 30, eRP = 0.15, eNP = 0.25.

Wu and Okuyama BMC Ecology 2012 12:6   doi:10.1186/1472-6785-12-6
Download authors' original image