Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Behavioral mechanisms and morphological symptoms of zombie ants dying from fungal infection

David P Hughes12*, Sandra B Andersen2, Nigel L Hywel-Jones3, Winanda Himaman4, Johan Billen5 and Jacobus J Boomsma2

Author Affiliations

1 Departments of Entomology and Biology, Penn State University, PA 16802, USA

2 Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark

3 Mycology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Science Park, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand

4 Forest Entomology and Microbiology Group, National Park, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Bangkok 10900, Thailand

5 Zoological Institute, University of Leuven, Naamsestraat 59, 3000 Leuven, Belgium

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BMC Ecology 2011, 11:13  doi:10.1186/1472-6785-11-13

Published: 9 May 2011

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Trails of the ant Camponotus leonardi. The video shows ants running in a trail on a branch above the forest floor in a tropical forest in Southern Thailand.

Format: MP4 Size: 1.7MB Download file

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Additional file 2:

A zombie ant biting a leaf vein. An ant attached by its mandibles to the main vein of a leaf in a tropical forest in Southern Thailand. The ant remains attached until its death and does not respond to external factors such as another ant approaching as in the video.

Format: MP4 Size: 2.1MB Download file

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Open Data