Table 2

Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) for mitochondrial haplotype derived genetic distances between subspecies, between populations within subspecies, and within populations. Group membership is identified in Table 1.

Source of variation

d.f.

SS

MS

Est. Variance

%

Φ Statistic

Value

P


Among subspecies

2

0.00439

0.00220

0.00012

27%

ΦRT

0.2715

0.001


Among populations/

subspecies

3

0.00231

0.00077

0.00008

19%

ΦPR

0.2655

0.005


Within populations

24

0.00792

0.00023

0.00023

54%

ΦPT

0.4649

0.001


Total

29

0.01462

0.00320

0.00044

100%


%, the percentage of variance explained by each sampling level. Significance of Φ statistics are based on 10,000 permutations of samples.

Knaus et al. BMC Ecology 2011 11:10   doi:10.1186/1472-6785-11-10

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