Schematic representation of Mrz-12/12-A bound to substrate S-30. Helices I and III are formed between the ribozyme and substrate. The standard hammerhead (eg Rz-12/12) has a 4 base pair helix II in place of the single g-c pair in the miniribozyme. The minizyme (Mz-12/12) has no helix II, but has a loop sequence gtttt connecting bases A9 and G12. Upper-case letters represent ribonucleotides, and lower-case letters represent deoxyribonucleotides. Nucleotides which have been further modified in this study are shown in blue.
Hendry et al. BMC Chemical Biology 2004 4:1 doi:10.1186/1472-6769-4-1